Category: The collections

The Last Notes

Ephemeris of June 29

Ephemeris of June 29

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Anne of Austria - Queen of France and Regent

Anne of Austria - Queen of France and Regent

"My prize is not in my crown" was Anne of Austria's motto. By marrying her, Louis XIII offered his people a Queen of very great lineage, peace, but also, and above all, without knowing it, a Regent of surprising intelligence and energy. Perpetual "Spanish" during the reign of her husband, neglected and despised, this Habsburg, yet Madrilenian to the tips of her fingernails, will surprise everyone when she comes to supreme power.

Jules Michelet, father of French history - Biography

Jules Michelet, father of French history - Biography

Considered one of the masters of French and European romanticism, Jules Michelet (1798-1874) is above all presented both as the "father" of the history of France but also as the "teacher" of this nation. A man of the people, dedicated to the people, the historian has always believed that his mission was to enlighten them, to endow the still nascent republican institutions with a national history.

The escape of the battleship Jean Bart (June 20, 1940)

The escape of the battleship Jean Bart (June 20, 1940)

The French debacle on earth was swift, and virtually unchallenged. On the other hand, the French navy remains powerful, and on the eve of the armistice, it is as much the English as the Germans who are eyeing its flagships. Among them, the battleship Jean Bart, twin brother of the Richelieu, not yet completed in June 1940.

Invention of the telegraph and the first telegram

Invention of the telegraph and the first telegram

The invention of the telegraph dates back to the end of the 18th century, with the development of the telegraph of Chappe, a French. This system of transmission of messages, initially optical, will become electric a few tens of years later. For many years the telegram, printed on paper tapes, will be the fastest way to spread information.

Ephemeris of June 17

Ephemeris of June 17

1789. The Third Estate by 490 votes against 90 decides to constitute itself as a National Assembly. Soon joined by the Clergy and the Nobility, it will be the first modern parliamentary assembly in the history of France. 1953. East Berlin is shaken by a revolt of the workers who demand decent working conditions.

Who invented the school?

Who invented the school?

No, of course, this sacred Charlemagne did not invent the school. Likewise, one cannot really answer the question "Who had this crazy idea, one day to invent school?". In fact this one has almost always existed, and has especially been reinvented many times to lead to our current education system.

The Crusades, a clash of civilizations?

The Crusades, a clash of civilizations?

We often tend to reduce the Crusades to an armed confrontation between two blocs that we define according to their religion, a stage in the long “clash of civilizations” between the West and Islam,… Yet how can we not imagine that a presence of nearly two centuries of the Latins in the East could have also created types of relations other than war, for example economic exchanges but perhaps also cultural?

Military orders at the time of the Crusades

Military orders at the time of the Crusades

The Crusades were warlike pilgrimages, and it is in this logic that the concept of "knight of Christ" appears. But even more than the knights crossing each other in order to fight for God, it is indeed the appearance of military religious orders that marks the originality of the Crusade, becoming one of the symbols.

Venus de Milo: Aphrodite in beauty (Louvre museum)

Venus de Milo: Aphrodite in beauty (Louvre museum)

The Venus de Milo is a marble statue from Paros that represents the goddess Aphrodite. A masterpiece of the Hellenistic period, this is one of the most famous Greek sculptures. The incredible conditions of its discovery were almost fatal. Exhibited for the first time at the Louvre in 1821, its beauty as well as its missing limbs have established its fame throughout the world.

Two books on the Landing (B. Rondeau)

Two books on the Landing (B. Rondeau)

In the wake of the commemorations of the seventieth anniversary of the Normandy landings, the very active Éditions Ouest-France published two new books in June, further expanding an already extensive collection. Both are signed Benoît Rondeau. The first tackles the issue from a new angle: The D-Day Divisions indeed deals with D-Day and the campaign that followed through the history of the military units that took part in it.

Ephemeris of June 9

Ephemeris of June 9

1815: End of the Congress of Vienna, which consecrates the defeat of France, whose borders are reduced to those of 1792. 1660: The King of France Louis XIV and the Infanta of Austria Marie-Thérèse, both aged 21 years, get married in Saint-Jean-de-Luz.68: Declared a public enemy by the Senate, Nero fled Rome and, rather than commit suicide, chose to be killed by a freedman.

Lascaux cave (Dordogne)

Lascaux cave (Dordogne)

The Lascaux cave is famous for the masterpieces of Paleolithic art, among the most important ever discovered, which adorn its walls and ceiling. It was discovered in the Dordogne near Montignac when four children and a dog entered it for the first time in September 1940.

Ephemeris of June 4

Ephemeris of June 4

1783: In Annonay in the Ardèche, the Montgolfier brothers succeed for the first time in making their hot air balloon fly. 1831: Léopold de Saxe Cobourg Gotha is proclaimed King of the Belgians under the title of Leopold I. 1908: The ashes of the writer Emile Zola are transferred to the Pantheon, 6 years after his death.

Pentecost, a Jewish and Christian holiday

Pentecost, a Jewish and Christian holiday

The feast of Pentecost brings together, with different but related reasons, two of the three great monotheisms: Christianity and Judaism. Calendar milestone of a common heritage, this holiday is in many countries followed by a non-working Monday or a bank holiday. The Christian feast of Pentecost is dedicated to the Holy Spirit, certainly the most enigmatic and the most difficult to define of the people of the Trinity.

Ephemeris of June 10

Ephemeris of June 10

1944: The SS Das Reich division massacres the population of the village of Ouradour-sur-Glane. 1940: Italy declares war on France, siding with Nazi Germany in the Second European Conflict. 1794: French Revolution: The Terror, the revolutionary repression that began with the creation of the Special Court and the surveillance committees in March 1793, hardened with the law of 22 Prairial Year II.

The wig, from antiquity to Louis XIV

The wig, from antiquity to Louis XIV

The wig originally meaning "long natural hair" as opposed to false hair called "feigned wig" was the characteristic symbol of the Bourbon monarchy until the Revolution. The wig is the affirmation and claim - until its virtual disappearance in the 19th century - of belonging to a certain social category.

Invention of the sewing machine (19th century)

Invention of the sewing machine (19th century)

In the 19th century, there was a shift from an artisanal production system to a true industrial-type manufacture that required the use of machines. The field of sewing is no exception to this general development. The invention of the sewing machine will make it possible to assemble pieces of fabric or leather by shuttle stitch or chain stitch.

Mao Zedong - Biography

Mao Zedong - Biography

Mao Zedong (or Mao Tse-tung) was the founder and principal leader of the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 1976. As Lenin had done for Russia, Mao Zedong adapted Marxist theory to the specifics of the China. Against the opinion of the majority of the Chinese Communist Party, founded in 1921, and against the dogmas of "classical" Marxism which places the working masses at the forefront of the Revolution, Mao defended the idea of a revolution relying on the peasantry, which represents the bulk of the Chinese population.

Rome, an epic and grandiose series (HBO)

Rome, an epic and grandiose series (HBO)

In 2005, the HBO channel broadcast a TV series that did not go unnoticed: Rome. With a pharaonic budget of 100 million dollars, this Anglo-Italian co-production aimed to retrace a glorious page in the history of Rome, from Julius Caesar to Augustus. The intention is clearly displayed, it is a question of making the play to the cinematographic production of the genre, with the same means, the duration in addition.