General Orders Head Quarters,Cambridge, November 28, 1775 - History

General Orders Head Quarters,Cambridge, November 28, 1775 - History


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TO the President of CongressCamp at Cambridge, Cambridge, November 28, 1775

SIR: I had the Honor of writing to you the Igth instant, ave now to inform you that Henry Knox Esqr. is gone to New York, with orders to forward to this place, what cannon and ordinance can be there procured. From thence he will proceed to General Schuyler on the same Business, as you will see by the inclosed Copy of Instructions, which I have given hirn. It would give me much satisfaction that this Gentleman, or any other whom you may think qualified, was appointed tothe command of the Artillery Regiment. In my Letter to you of the 8th. Instant, I have expressed myself fully on this Subject, which I beg leave to recommend to your immediate attention, as the formation of that Corps will be at a stand, until I am honored with your Instructions thereon.

The Vessel laden with wine, which I advised you was wrecked on this coast, proves to have been the property of a Thomas Salter of Philadelphia, the papers relative to her and cargo were sent to Robert Morris Esqr who can give you every information thereon. The Schooner with the Dry Goods from Boston to Halifax is given up to the Committee of Safety at Beverly, who will dispose of her and Cargo, agreeable to the decision of a Court of Admiralty and the Schooner carried into Portsmouth by Captain Adams proves to be a friends and of course is discharged.

There are two persons engaged to go to Nova Scotia, on the Business recommended in your last, by the best information we have from thence, the Stores &c. have been withdrawn sometime; should this not be the case, It is next to an impossibility to attempt any thing there in the present unsetled and precarious state of the Army. Colonel Enos is arrived and under arrest, he acknowledges he had no Orders for coming away, his Trial cannot come on, until I hear from Col. Arnold, from whom there is no Account since I wrote you last.

From what I can collect, by my inquiries amongst the Officers, It will be impossible to get the men to inlist for the coneinuance of the War, which will be an insuperable Obstruction to the formation of the two Battalions of Marines on the plan resolved on in Congress. As it can make no difference I propose to proceed on the new Arrangement of the Army and when completed, enquire out such Officers and Men as are best qualified for that service, and endeavor to form these Battalions out of the whole; This appears to me the best method and will I hope meet the approbation of Congress. As it will be very difficult for the Men to work when the hard frost sets in, I have thought it necessary (tho' of little use at present) to take possession of Cobble Hill, for the benefit of any future Operations. It was effected without the least opposition from the Enemy the ~3d Instant: Their inactivity on this Occasion is what I can 1 not account for; It is probable they are meditating a Blow some
where. About 3oo Men, Women and Children of the poor Inhabitants of Boston, came out to Point Shirley last Friday, they' have brought their Household furniture, but unprovided of every other necessary of Life: I have recommended them to the attention of the Committee of the Honorable Council of this Province, now sitting at Water Town.

The number inlisted since my last are 2540 men. I am very sorry to be necessitated to mention to you the egregious want of Public Spirit which reigns here; instead of pressing to be engaged in the cause of their Country, which I vainly flattered myself would be the case, I find we are likely to be deserted at a most critical time; Those that have Inlisted, must have a furlough, which I have been Obliged to grant too at a time from each Regiment. The Connecticut Troops upon whom I reckoned are as backward, indeed if possible more so than the people o£ this colony, our situation is truly Alarming, and of this General Howe is well apprized, It being the common topick of conversation when the People left Boston last Friday; no doubt when he is reinforced he will avail himself of the Information.

I am making the best disposition I can for our defence having thrown up, besides the Works on Cobble Hill, several redoubts, Half Moons &cat along the Bay; And I fear I shall be under the necessity of calling in the Militia and Minute Men of the Country to my Assistance. I say I fear it, because by what I can learn from the Officers in the Army belonging to this Colony, it will be next to an impossibility to keep them under any degree of Descipline, and that it will be very difficult to prevail on them to remain a moment longer than they chuse themselves; It is a mortifying reflection to be reduced to this dilemma, there has been nothing wanting on my part to infuse a proper Spirit amongst the Officers, that they may exert their Influence with the Soldiery. You see by a fortnights recruiting amongst men with Arms in their Hands, how little has been thc success.

As the small Pox is now in Boston, I have used the precaution of prohibiting such as lately came out from coming near our Camp. General Burgoyne I am informed will soon embark for England. I think the risque too great to write you by Post, whilst it continues to pass thro' New York, it is certain that a post has been intercepted the begining of last Month, as they
sent out several Letters from Boston with the Post mark at Baltimore on them, this goes by Captain Joseph Blewer who promises to deliver it carefully unto you.

You doubtless will have heard ere this reaches, of General Montgomery having got Possession of Montreal, I congratulate you thereon, he has troubles with his Troops as well as I haveÑ all I can learn of Colo: Arnold is that he is near Quebec, I hope Montgomery will be able to proceed to his Assistance I shall be very uneasy until I hear they are joined. My best respects to Congress, e':c. I have the Honor, etc.


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Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1976-79 a series of The Papers of George Washington. Copyright 1976-79 by the Rector and Visitors of University of Virginia. Used by permission of the publisher. The publisher is not responsible for the correctness and completeness of the images and texts as they appear in this online collection.


Records of the AGO, 1780s-1917

Established: In the War Department under direction of the Chief of Staff, by General Order 46, War Department, March 4, 1907, pursuant to the Army Appropriation Act (34 Stat. 1158), March 2, 1907.

Predecessor Agencies:

  • Adjutant General of the Continental Army (1775-83)
  • Adjutant and Inspector (1792-1813)
  • Adjutant General's Department (1813-21)
  • Adjutant General's Office (1821-1904)
  • Military Secretary's Office (1904-7)

Functions: Provided administrative and support services to the War Department. Maintained personnel records. Recorded, authenticated, and communicated orders, instructions, and regulations. Issued commissions. Compiled and issued the Army Register and the Army List and Directory. Consolidated and maintained the returns of the army and militia. Managed the recruiting service. Maintained the noncurrent records of the War Department.

Abolished: By memorandum of the U.S. Army Chief of Staff, November 17, 1986, removing the Adjutant General from the Army Staff, and assigning title and lineage to the Director of Personnel Service Support, Military Personnel Center (MILPERCEN).

Successor Agencies: Army records management program policy direction assigned to the Assistant Chief of Staff for Information Management (ACSIM), effective September 30, 1985, by message of Brig. Gen. R.M. Bunker, Director of Management, DTG 132108Z, September 13, 1985 and to Information Management Support Agency (IMSA), ACSIM, with operational responsibility vested in the Army Records Management Operations Office (ARMOO), IMSA, effective February 20, 1986, by ACSIM memorandum DAIM-ZB, and supporting message of Col. Thomas F. Sikora, Policies and Strategies Directorate, ACSIM, DTG 201334Z, same date. Operational responsibility assigned to United States Army Information Systems Command (USAISC), retroactive to October 1, 1986, by Permanent Orders 127-1, Headquarters USAISC, November 14, 1986. Program policy direction assigned to Directorate of Information Systems for Command, Control, Communications, and Computers (DISC4) retroactive to April 1, 1987, by Headquarters Department of the Army Letter 10-87-4, April 22, 1987, implementing the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act (100 Stat. 992), October 1, 1986. The Institute of Heraldry assigned to MILPERCEN by memorandum of the Chief of Staff, November 17, 1986. Declassification and historical access assigned to the U.S. Army Center of Military History by memorandum of agreement between Brig. Gen. William A. Stofft, Chief of Military History, and Lt. Gen. Thurman D. Rodgers, DISC4, May 6, 1987.

Finding Aids: Lucille H. Pendell and Elizabeth Bethel, comps., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Adjutant General's Office, PI 17 (1949).

Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Adjutant General's Office in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government. Records of the Office of the Secretary of War, RG 107. Records of the Headquarters of the Army, RG 108. War Department Collection of Confederate Records, RG 109. Records of U.S. Army Continental Commands, 1821-1920, RG 393. Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1917- , RG 407.

94.2 GENERAL RECORDS
ca. 1775-1928, 1961-96 (bulk 1784-1920)

History: Position of Adjutant General of the Continental Army established by a resolution of the Second Continental Congress, June 16, 1775, and abolished effective with the disbanding of the revolutionary army, November 5, 1783. Administrative functions in the War Department delegated to an officer known as the Adjutant and Inspector, by an act of March 5, 1792 (1 Stat. 241). Adjutant General's Department established by an act of March 3, 1813 (2 Stat. 819), under an officer, designated the Adjutant General, who also served as the Inspector General. An act of March 2, 1821 (3 Stat. 615), established a separate Adjutant General's Office to head the Adjutant General's Department. AGO combined with the Record and Pension Office of the War Department to form the Military Secretary's Office by General Order 76, War Department, April 28, 1904, under authority of the Army Appropriation Act (33 Stat. 262), April 23, 1904. AGO restored, 1907. SEE 94.1.

94.2.1 Correspondence

Textual Records: Correspondence and other records ("Post Revolutionary War Papers") documenting the service, pay, and supply of the regular and volunteer armies and the state militia troops, and the construction of military installations, 1784- 1815. Letters sent, 1800-89. Letters received, 1805-89, with registers, 1814-89, and indexes, 1812-89. Telegrams sent, 1864- 1904. Cablegrams sent, 1899-1912, and received, 1901-14. General correspondence ("Document File"), 1890-1917 (2,967 ft.), with record cards and an index. Records concerning the appointment and commissioning of Reserve Corps officers, 1917. Reports to the Secretary of War, 1825-70.

Microfilm Publications: M182, M565, M566, M567, M619, M666, M689, M698, M711, M725, M904, M927, M983.

Sound Recordings (1 item): "U.S. Army and Navy Calls, Cavalry and Artillery," a gramophone recording of bugle calls, 1896, from AGO general correspondence file 71928, March 12, 1898.

94.2.2 Orders, muster rolls, and returns

Textual Records: Manuscript and printed orders, 1792-1910 (315 ft.), including general, special, and field orders and circulars, with indexes, of the War Department of armies, brigades, divisions, and corps and of military divisions, departments, districts, and posts. Muster rolls of regular army organizations, 1784-1912 (1,278 ft.). Muster rolls of volunteer organizations, 1784-1901 (5,270 ft.), documenting service in war with the Northwest Indians (1790-95), Creek War (1813-14), other Indian wars (1811-58), Cherokee Removal (1835-38), War of 1812 (1812- 15), Mexican War (1846-48), Civil War (1861-65), Spanish-American War (1898), and Philippine Insurrection (1899-1901). Returns, 1790-1916 (1,575 ft.), of departments territorial divisions, departments, and districts military posts and army commands in War of 1812, Mexican War, and Civil War. Station books, 1861- 1915, of troops, regular army officers and organizations, and volunteer officers. Strength reports of regular army and volunteer forces, 1890-1917.

Microfilm Publications: M29, M617, M654, M665, M690, M691, M727, M728, M744, M851, M852, M1094, T1085, T1114, T1115.

94.2.3 Records relating to regular army personnel

Textual Records: Registers of enlistments, 1798-1914. Enlistment papers, 1798-1912. Orders, discharges, medical and burial records, and other records concerning regular army personnel ("Personal Papers"), 1812-1912. Certificates of disability, 1812- 99. Records relating to deceased soldiers ("Final Statements"), 1862-99. Registers of discharges, 1872-83. Reports of physical examinations of candidates for admission to the U.S. Military Academy, 1861-1908. Recommendations for promotions, 1917. Record of retired men, 1915-20. Register of prisoners, 1879-1901.

Microfilm Publications: M233.

94.2.4 Records relating to volunteers and volunteer organizations

Textual Records: Descriptive books, Mexican War, 1846-48. Regimental records, including descriptive rolls, order and letter books, and morning reports, of volunteer organizations, Civil War, 1861-65. Regimental and company books of volunteer organizations, Spanish-American War, 1898, and Philippine Insurrection, 1899-1901 and of the Puerto Rican Regiment, 1899- 1901. Registers of deceased volunteer soldiers, 1861-64. Histories of volunteer organizations, 1861-63. Registers of discharges, 1861-66.

94.2.5 Records relating to wars

Textual Records: Records of the War of 1812 relating to location, parole, and exchange of prisoners, 1812-15. Records concerning the Mexican War, including letters sent and received by officers, 1845-48 orders, 1845-48 and records of customhouses at San Francisco, CA, and at Matamoros, Tampico, and Vera Cruz, Mexico, 1847-48. Records relating to the Civil War, including U.S. Army generals' service reports, 1864-87 records relating to prisoners at Dry Tortugas, FL, 1863-71, and to Indian prisoners, 1860-65 case files of investigations of alleged fraudulent and subversive activities during the Civil War ("Turner-Baker Records"), 1861- 66 pardon petitions and related records ("Amnesty Papers"), 1865-66 and the greater part of a collection ("Generals' Papers and Books") of official records and personal papers of various generals and other officers, 1813-1928. Correspondence and other records relating to the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection, 1898-1901.

Microfilm Publications: M254, M719, M797, M1003, M1094.

94.2.6 Records relating to the U.S. Military Academy

History: Established at West Point, NY, as a War Department organization, by an act of March 16, 1802 (2 Stat. 137). Under Chief of Engineers, 1802-66 Inspector General of the Army, Office of the Secretary of War (OSW), 1866-71 and Military Academy Office, OSW, 1871-77. With Post of West Point, administered as a separate military department under General-in- Chief of the Army, 1877-82. Under Secretary of War, 1882-1947 and Secretary of the Army, 1947-present.

Textual Records: Letters sent, 1812-94, 1898-1904. Letters received, with reports and related papers, 1819-1904. General and special orders, 1814-1915. Annual and semiannual rolls of cadets, 1812-1915 (with gaps). Merit rolls, 1818-66. Class reports and conduct rolls, 1820-25, 1831-94. Records relating to examinations, 1816-1900. Registers of cadets, 1803-94. Cadet warrants, 1895-1917. Cadet application papers, 1814-66, with index. Register of candidates for appointment, 1866-94. Records relating to unsuccessful applications, 1866-76. Records relating to the Board of Visitors, 1823-1904.

Microfilm Publications: M91, M688, M1002.

Related Records: Records of the U.S. Military Academy, RG 404. Record copies of publications of the U.S. Military Academy in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.

94.2.7 Other records

Textual Records: Administrative precedent file ("Frech File," compiled 1892-1917), ca. 1775-1917, with subject indexes and lists of subject headings. Statements of AGO organization, 1882- 1903. Accounts current, 1863-99. Record of disbursements, 1851- 62. Registers of AGO civilian clerks, 1861-72, 1881-82. Records relating to the Government Hospital for the Insane, including records of admission, 1862-1917 and registers of soldiers declared to be insane, 1853-1919, with index. Provost Fund records, including letters sent, 1864-81, and received, 1864-83 records of fines received, 1865-80 vouchers, 1865-79 and bills, memorandums, orders, and circulars, 1872-83. National Land Defense Board reports, 1907-15, with index. Reference aids and other special information files, 1790-1918.

Microfilm Publications: T36.

94.2.8 Records relating to requests for correction of records of the Adjutant General's Office

Textual Records: Case files, 1961-96.

94.3 RECORDS OF THE APPOINTMENT, COMMISSION, AND PERSONAL (ACP)
BRANCH
ca. 1775-1917 (bulk 1783-1917)

History: Established as the Commission Branch, January 1, 1863, to administer promotions, resignations, discharges, retirements, assignments, and details of regular army and volunteer officers, hospital stewards, ordnance sergeants, and post and regimental sutlers. Designated ACP Branch, January 1, 1871. Maintained personnel correspondence until July 1894, after which such records were filed in the AGO document file (SEE 94.2.1).

Textual Records: Letters sent, 1851-99. Letters sent relating to nominations, 1837-76. Letters received ("ACP Files"), 1863-94, with registers, 1863-89, and indexes, 1863-94. Applications for appointment, 1871-80, with registers and indexes. Resolutions confirming appointments and promotions ("Senate Rolls"), 1804-93. Commissions, 1812-1902. Registers of commissions, 1792-1812. Letters of appointment, 1829-95, and promotion, 1829-77. Manuscript and printed copies of the Army Register, 1800-97, and the Volunteer Army Register, 1861-65. Roster of officers, 1783- 1826. Miscellaneous personnel registers, 1814-1917. Personal reports of retired officers, 1864-1913. Precedent files (portions of "Brinkerhoff File" and of "Kohr File"), ca. 1775-1917.

Microfilm Publications: M1064, M1125.

94.4 RECORDS OF THE ENLISTED BRANCH (EB)
1848-1912 (bulk 1848-89)

History: Established December 1862. Assumed functions of the Recruiting Division, 1882 (SEE 94.5). Responsible for recruitment, discharge, transfer, granting of furloughs, and other activities relating to regular army and volunteer enlisted personnel. Functions concerning volunteers transferred to newly established Record and Pension Division of the War Department, 1889 (SEE 94.12) and those concerning regular army transferred to Principal Record Division of AGO, 1890.

Textual Records: Letters sent, 1863-89, with indexes. Letters received ("EB Files"), 1862-89, with registers and indexes. Records concerning enlisted men, compiled prior to EB establishment ("Addison Files"), including letters sent, 1851-52, 1860-62 and letters received, 1848-62. Index to officers' files in Volunteer Service Division (SEE 94.6) and EB Branch, 1888-89. Precedent files, 1861-1912.

94.5 RECORDS OF THE RECRUITING DIVISION
1814-1913

History: Established July 1, 1862, to administer matters involving army recruitment. Abolished 1882, with functions assumed by Enlisted Branch (SEE 94.4).

Textual Records: Letters sent, 1825-82, with indexes, 1863-81. Letters received, 1862-82, with registers, 1862-1913 (with gaps), and indexes, 1862-82, 1885-94. Records relating to disabilities, 1864-92. Reports of state adjutants general, 1862-64. Miscellaneous registers concerning recruits, 1814-91. Records of recruiting depots, 1878-1909, including letters sent, order books, and morning reports.

94.6 RECORDS OF THE VOLUNTEER SERVICE (VS) DIVISION
1861-89

History: Also known as VS Branch. Established October 1861, with responsibility for authorization, recruitment, service, and discharge of volunteer troops. Assumed functions of Colored Troops Division, 1888 (SEE 94.7). Abolished, with functions transferred to newly established Record and Pension Division of the War Department, July 16, 1889 (SEE 94.12).

Textual Records: Letters sent, 1861-89, with indexes. Letters received ("VS Files"), 1861-89, with registers and indexes. Index to officers' files in VS Division and Enlisted Branch (SEE 94.4), 1888-89. Precedent files, 1861-69.

94.7 RECORDS OF THE COLORED TROOPS DIVISION
1863-94

History: Established by General Order 143, War Department, May 22, 1863. Administered matters pertaining to recruitment, organization, and service of the U.S. Colored Troops. Assumed functions of the Freedmen's Branch, June 1879. Abolished 1888, with functions transferred to Volunteer Service Division (SEE 94.6).

Textual Records: Letters sent, 1863-88, with indexes. Letters received, 1863-94 (bulk 1863-88), with indexes and registers, 1863-88. Letters sent and received relating to recruiting, 1864- 68. Applications for officer appointments, 1863-65. Registers, rosters, and officers' commissions, 1863-68. Registers of officers' resignations, 1863-66 and of troops "slave or free on or before April 19, 1861," 1869. Record of enlistments, 1869-87. Record of division employees, 1871-89. Descriptive lists of volunteers, 1864. "The Negro in the Military Service of the United States," 1888, a compilation of records (1639-1886)
relating to military service of blacks.

Microfilm Publications: M858, M1659.

Related Records: Records of the Freedmen's Branch of AGO in RG 105, Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands.

94.8 RECORDS OF THE FUND BRANCH AND ITS PREDECESSORS
1863-83

History: Drafted Bureau established 1863, with responsibility for administering funds and property associated with rendezvous for drafted forces and with civil and military prisoners. Redesignated General Courts Martial (GCM) Division, March 1, 1866. GCM Division redesignated Fund Branch, 1871. Fund Branch abolished 1883, with functions transferred to Miscellaneous Branch, whose records were integrated into AGO central records.

Textual Records: Records of the Drafted Bureau, consisting of letters sent and received, 1863-66, with registers and indexes and consolidated reports of rendezvous for drafted forces, 1863- 65. Records of the General Courts Martial Division, consisting of letters sent, 1866-71, with indexes, 1866-70 and letters received, 1866-70, with registers and indexes. Records of the Fund Branch, consisting of letters sent and received, 1871-83, with registers and indexes.

94.9 RECORDS OF THE BOUNTY AND CLAIMS DIVISION
1862-78

History: Disbursing Division established 1862, with responsibility for settling accounts incident to the mustering and pay of volunteer troops, and to the payment of bounties. Redesignated Bounty and Claims Division by AGO order, November 11, 1864. Abolished 1889.

94.9.1 General records

Textual Records: Letters sent, 1867-75. Telegrams received and copies of letters sent, 1862-78. Accounts, claims, and bounty books, 1862-66. Register of claims, U.S. Colored Troops, 1864-67.

94.9.2 Records of slave claims commissions

Textual Records: Registers of claims of former slave owners in DE, KY, MD, MO, TN, and WV, who had remained loyal to the United States and whose slaves had been employed in U.S. service, 1862- 66. Proceedings of commissions in MD, TN, and WV, 1862-66. Vouchers, 1864-66. Register of MD slaves, n.d.

94.10 RECORDS OF OTHER DIVISIONS
ca. 1775-1917 (bulk 1800-1916)

94.10.1 Records of the Deserters Division

History: Established 1866. Abolished August 1869.

Textual Records: Letters sent, 1866-69, with indexes. Registers of letters received, 1866-69, with indexes. List of deserters, 1815-25.

94.10.2 Records of the Military Prison Record Division

History: Established April 1, 1875. Abolished December 31, 1899, with functions transferred to Principal Record Division.

Textual Records: Letters sent, 1875-90, with indexes, 1875-82. Letters received, 1875-89, with indexes and registers. Reports of inspections of the U.S. Military Prison, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 1886-93. Registers and lists of prisoners, 1865-93.

94.10.3 Records of the Military Reservation Division

History: Established 1889. Abolished 1890.

Textual Records: Compilation, from various War Department files, of correspondence, orders, and other records concerning the establishment, construction, maintenance, and abandonment of military posts and reservations ("Reservation File"), 1800-1916. Volumes containing summary information on posts ("Outline Index of Military Forts and Stations"), n.d.

Microfilm Publications: M661.

94.10.4 Records of the Old Records Division

Textual Records: Reference files, ca. 1775-1917, consisting of a general file a file compiled by clerk E.J. Tarr and a file compiled by clerk R.C. Edmundson.

94.10.5 Precedent files of various divisions

Textual Records: Precedent files of the Correspondence Division, ca. 1775-1917, with subject indexes the Correspondence and Examining Division ("Digest File"), 1861-1912 the Officers' Division (portion of "Kohr File"), ca. 1775-1917 and the Appointment, Commission and Personnel, Returns, and Mail and Record Section ("Brinkerhoff File"), ca. 1775-1917.

94.11 OTHER AGO RECORDS
1861-74

Textual Records: Records of the commission on claims of officers and men in Departments of the West and the Missouri ("Hawkins Taylor Commission," named after its chairman), consisting of indexes and registers of claims allowed, 1861-62. Testimony and final report of the commission, directed by Maj. Gen. William F. Smith and lawyer James T. Brady ("Smith-Brady Commission"), appointed by the President to investigate alleged corrupt practices of civil and military administrators in the South, 1864-65. Exhibits of, and testimony heard by, an army court of inquiry ("Howard Court of Inquiry") convened to investigate charges against Brig. Gen. Oliver Otis Howard, alleging mismanagement of the Disbursing Branch, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, and irregularities among the Bureau's records, 1874. Papers, in War Department custody, of the United States Christian Commission, 1861-66, a private organization formed to foster ministry to U.S. soldiers.

Photographs (377 images): Cartes-de-visite of United States Christian Commission personnel, 1864-65 (CC). SEE ALSO 94.16.

94.12 RECORDS OF THE RECORD AND PENSION OFFICE (RPO) OF THE WAR
DEPARTMENT
1784-1919

History: Record and Pension Division established in the War Department by unnumbered orders, War Department, July 3 and 16, 1889, assuming functions of abolished Record and Pension Division of the Surgeon General's Office functions of abolished Volunteer Service Branch of AGO (SEE 94.6) and those functions of the Enlisted Branch of AGO (SEE 94.4) relating to volunteer service. Headed by Capt. (later, Maj. Gen.) Fred C. Ainsworth, 1889-1904. Responsible for verifying pension applicants' military service. Redesignated RPO by an act of May 9, 1892 (27 Stat. 27). Acquired functions of abolished War Records Office (SEE 94.13), July 1, 1899. With AGO, RPO redesignated Military Secretary's Office (MSO) by an act of April 23, 1904 (33 Stat. 262). MSO redesignated AGO, 1907. SEE 94.1.

94.12.1 General records

Textual Records: Correspondence relating to military service of volunteer soldiers ("R and P Files"), 1889-1904, with record cards and index. Service histories of units that served in the Volunteer Force of the U.S. Army during the Civil War ("Record of Events Cards"), 1861-65. Completed forms showing original records of military organizations from which information was compiled on cards ("carded") by RPO, n.d. File of decisions concerning the compilation of military and medical records, 1892-1909. Interoffice memorandums regarding the compilation of medical records, maintained by the Medical Division, 1904-11, and its 7th Street Branch, 1891-1909.

Microfilm Publications: M594, M686.

94.12.2 Compiled military service records

History: RPO examined muster rolls, monthly returns, descriptive books, and similar records in order to compile, on cards, a military service record for each soldier, from initial enrollment to termination of service. Cards relating to each soldier were filed in a jacket bearing his name. RPO used the compiled military service records to verify pension applicants' claims.

Textual Records: Compiled military service records, with indexes, of soldiers who served in volunteer organizations enlisted for service during the post-Revolutionary War period, 1784-1811 (21,420 files), and in the War of 1812, 1812-15 (597,660 files) the Indian Wars, 1817-58 (89,760 files) the Mexican War, 1846-48 (103,500 files) and the Civil War (U.S. Army only), 1861-65 (4,503,025 files). Compiled military service records, with indexes, of soldiers who served in volunteer organizations enlisted for service in the Spanish-American War, 1898 (266,651 files) and the Philippine Insurrection, 1899-1901 (47,386 files), including the U.S. Volunteer Infantry, 1899-1901 (5,600 files), and the Puerto Rican Regiment, U.S. Volunteers, 1899-1901 (1,500 files).

Microfilm Publications: Indexes to the records described above, and compiled military service records for selected wars and U.S. states, are available on microfilm. For a complete listing of such microfilm, consult Cynthia G. Fox and Constance Potter, comps., Military Service Records: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications (1985), and the current edition of the National Archives microfilm catalog, Microfilm Resources for Research.

Related Records: Compiled military service records of Revolutionary War soldiers in RG 93, War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records and of soldiers of the Confederate States Army in RG 109, War Department Collection of Confederate Records.

94.12.3 Cards containing medical records and vital statistics
("Carded Records")

Textual Records: Carded medical records, showing name, rank, organization, complaint, name of admitting hospital, date of admittance, and other information on individuals in the following organizations: regular army, 1821-84, 1894-1912 Marine Corps, 1821-84 volunteer organizations, Mexican and Civil Wars, 1846- 65 gunboat and naval service, 1861-65 and Pioneer Corps, 1861- 65. Carded medical records of hospital stewards, noncommissioned staff officers, and musicians, 1821-84 contract and dental surgeons, 1898-1912 and civilians, 1894-1912. Carded birth records, 1884-1912 death records of civilians 1884-1912 and marriage records of individuals married on army posts, 1884-1912.

94.12.4 Records relating to medical personnel

Textual Records: Muster and pay rolls of the Hospital Corps, 1886-1912. Records relating to medical officers and physicians, ca. 1820-1917. Contracts, pay accounts, returns, correspondence, and other records, 1839-1914, concerning volunteer, regular army, militia, and contract physicians and nurses, matrons, hospital stewards, medical cadets, and other medical personnel.

94.12.5 Other medical records

Textual Records: Records of field hospitals, 1821-1912 (1,250 ft). Miscellaneous records of the post hospital, Fort Wayne, MI, 1905-12 (in Chicago). Records (in Los Angeles) of the post hospital, San Diego Barracks, CA, consisting of records of deaths and interments, 1879-90 registers of patients, 1883-86 and personnel and equipment returns, 1890-98. Medical histories of posts, 1868-1913. Miscellaneous hospital records, 1886-1912. Records relating to cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever epidemics, 1841-93. Surgeons' reports on operations performed in military commands, 1861-65. Reports on surgical and medical cases, diseases, wounds, deaths, medical equipment, and inventions, ca. 1860-80. Reports on vaccinations, 1874-86. Hospital returns, 1814-15. Reports of sick and wounded, 1820-60, 1887-1912. Clinical records of patients, 1884-1912. Records relating to medical examinations of regular army recruits, 1864- 1912. Registers of patients, ca. 1860-1919. Registers of regular army deaths, 1860-89, and discharges, 1861-86 and volunteer deaths and discharges, including U.S. Colored Troops, 1861-65. Regimental casualty lists, 1861-65, with indexes. Chaplain reports, 1861-65. Official Civil War battle lists, 1861-65.

Microfilm Publications: M823.

94.13 RECORDS OF THE WAR RECORDS OFFICE (WRO) OF THE WAR
DEPARTMENT
1853-1903

History: By an act of June 23, 1874 (18 Stat. 222), Secretary of War given an appropriation of $15,000, and authorized to begin publication of the official records of both the U.S. and Confederate States Armies. Organization formed to implement the project was first known as Publications Office, War Records later as WRO. WRO abolished, with functions transferred to Record and Pension Office of the War Department (SEE 94.12), effective July 1, 1899, by an act of February 24, 1899 (30 Stat. 871). Project resulted in publication, 1880-1901, of a 130-volume official record, with accompanying atlas.

Textual Records: Letters sent, 1875-94 (with gaps). Letters received, 1877-94. General correspondence, 1894-1903. Records relating to distribution of published volumes, 1893-95 and to employees, 1883-94. Records from the files of U.S. Army corps, departments, and divisions, that were retained by WRO, 1861-65, including narrative reports of military operations ("battle reports"). Preliminary prints, and record sets of the final published version, of The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, comp. Capt. Robert Scott et al. (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880-1901).

Maps (1,265 items): Published copy (175 items) of Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 1861-65 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1891-95). Manuscript and annotated maps used in compiling the atlas, 1861-95 (1,051 items). Printed maps, mainly of the western United States, belonging to Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan in 1861 ("McClellan Portfolio"), and originally compiled by the Office of Explorations and Surveys for Pacific Railroad surveys, showing topography, routes of marches, military posts, and Indian reservations, 1853-56 (39 items). SEE ALSO 94.14.

Photographic Prints and Lithographs (103 images): U.S. and Confederate States fortifications in GA, SC, TN, and VA, used in Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 1861-65 (AUC). SEE ALSO 94.16.

Microfilm Publications: M262.

94.14 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL)
1808-1917

Maps: Military operations in Africa, Alaska, China, Cuba, Korea, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and the United States, published by the Military Information Division, AGO, 1897-1902 (75 items). Mexican Punitive Expedition, 1916 (92 items). U.S. posts, harbors, and frontier areas, 1812-55 (43 items). Miscellaneous enclosures to correspondence concerning military explorations, campaigns, and posts, 1808-1917 (107 items).

94.15 SOUND RECORDINGS (GENERAL)

94.16 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)
1861-1916

Photographs (1,516 images): Cartes-de-visite of Civil War era individuals, 1862 (BC, 14 images). Glaciers and geological formations near the Copper, Tanana, and Koyukuk Rivers, AK, taken by Lt. William R. Abercrombie during Alaskan Expedition ("Miles Expedition"), 1885 (CR, 8 images). Spanish-American War in Cuba, and Philippine Insurrection, belonging to Col. Charles A. Dempsey, 1898-1900 (SAW, 23 images). Military activities, including aviation, at Texas City and Fort Crockett, TX, 1913 (TM, 100 images). News service photographs by William Fox, staff photographer for Underwood and Underwood, of U.S. military activities during Mexican Punitive Expedition, 1916 (UM, UMA, UMB, 1,342 images). Views of houses and scenery at West Point, KY, made during an inspection of an Army campsite by Maj. James Parker, U.S. Cavalry, 1902 (WE, 29 images).

Glass Negatives (11 images): Rifle firing positions, ca. 1900 (R).

Stereographs (2 images): Lookout Mountain, TN, 1861-66 (AUC).

Posters (49 images): Created by companies seeking military contracts and posters advertising Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, ca. 1904-17 BB, 8 images). Foreign military recruiting posters from World War I, ca. 1915 (FRP, 9 images). Used in military recruitment, ca. 1908-16 (WP, 32 images).

SEE Photographs UNDER 94.11. SEE Photographic Prints and Lithographs UNDER 94.13.

Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.

This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.


Contents

Cornwallis was born in Grosvenor Square in London, though his family's estates were in Kent. He was the eldest son of Charles Cornwallis, 5th Baron Cornwallis. His mother, Elizabeth, was the daughter of Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, and niece of Sir Robert Walpole. His uncle, Frederick, was Archbishop of Canterbury. Frederick's twin brother, Edward, was a military officer, colonial governor, and founder of Halifax, Nova Scotia. His brother William became an Admiral in the Royal Navy. His other brother, James, eventually inherited the earldom from Cornwallis's son, Charles. [ citation needed ]

The family was established at Brome Hall, near Eye, Suffolk, in the 14th century, and its members would represent the county in the House of Commons over the next three hundred years. Frederick Cornwallis, created a Baronet in 1627, fought for King Charles I, and followed King Charles II into exile. He was made Baron Cornwallis, of Eye in the County of Suffolk, in 1661, and by judicious marriages his descendants increased the importance of his family. [ citation needed ]

Cornwallis was educated at Eton College and Clare College, Cambridge. While playing hockey at Eton, his eye was injured by an accidental blow from Shute Barrington, later Bishop of Durham. [2] He obtained his first commission as Ensign in the 1st Foot Guards, on 8 December 1757. [3] He then sought and gained permission to engage in military studies abroad. After travelling on the continent with a Prussian officer, Captain de Roguin, he studied at the military academy of Turin. [4]

Upon completion of his studies in Turin in 1758, he traveled to Geneva, where he learned that British troops were to be sent to North America in the Seven Years' War. Although he tried to reach his regiment before it sailed from the Isle of Wight, he learnt upon reaching Cologne that it had already sailed. He managed instead to secure an appointment as a staff officer to Lord Granby. [5]

A year later, he participated at the Battle of Minden, a major battle that prevented a French invasion of Hanover. After the battle, he purchased a captaincy in the 85th Regiment of Foot. In 1761, he served with the 12th Foot and was promoted to Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel. He led his regiment in the Battle of Villinghausen on 15–16 July 1761, and was noted for his gallantry. In 1762 his regiment was involved in heavy fighting during the Battle of Wilhelmsthal. A few weeks later they defeated Saxon troops at the Battle of Lutterberg and ended the year by participating in the siege of Cassel. [6]

In January 1760 Cornwallis became a Member of Parliament, entering the House of Commons for the village of Eye in Suffolk. He succeeded his father as 2nd Earl Cornwallis in 1762, which resulted in his elevation to the House of Lords. [6] He became a protege of the leading Whig magnate, and future Prime Minister, Lord Rockingham. [7]

He was one of five peers who voted against the 1765 Stamp Act out of sympathy with the colonists. [8] In the following years, he maintained a strong degree of support for the colonists during the tensions and crisis that led to the War of Independence. [9]

On 14 July 1768 he married Jemima Tullekin Jones, daughter of a regimental colonel. [10] The union was, by all accounts, happy. They settled in Culford, Suffolk, where their children, Mary (28 June 1769 – 17 July 1840), and Charles were born. Jemima died on 14 April 1779. [11]

During the postwar years, Cornwallis had remained active in military matters. He became colonel of the 33rd Regiment of Foot in 1766. [8] On 29 September 1775 he was promoted to major general. With the outbreak of the war in North America, Cornwallis put his previous misgivings aside and sought active service proposing an expedition to the southern colonies. [12]

Early campaigns

Promoted to lieutenant general in North America, he began his service in 1776 under General Sir Henry Clinton with the failed siege of Charleston. He and Clinton then sailed for New York City, where they participated in General William Howe's campaign for New York City. Cornwallis was often given a leading role during this campaign his division was in the lead at the Battle of Long Island, and he chased the retreating George Washington across New Jersey after the city fell. [13] [14] Howe recognized the successful close of the campaign "much to the honor of his lordship and the officers and soldiers under his command." [15]

General Howe granted Cornwallis leave in December 1776 however it was cancelled after Washington launched his surprise attack on Trenton on 26 December. Howe ordered Cornwallis to return to New Jersey to deal with Washington. [15] Cornwallis gathered together garrisons scattered across New Jersey and moved them towards Trenton. [16] On 2 January 1777, as he advanced on Trenton, his forces were engaged in extended skirmishing that delayed the army's arrival at Washington's position on the Assunpink Creek until late in the day. Cornwallis was unable to dislodge Washington in the battle that followed. [17]

Cornwallis prepared his troops to continue the assault of Washington's position the next day, but critically failed to send out adequate patrols to monitor the Americans. During the night, Washington's forces slipped around Cornwallis's and attacked the British outpost at Princeton. Washington's success was aided by a deception: he had men maintain blazing campfires and keep up sounds of camp activity during his movement. [18] Cornwallis spent the winter in New York and New Jersey, where the forces under his command were engaged in ongoing skirmishes with the Americans. [19]

Cornwallis continued to serve under Howe on his campaign for control of the rebel capital, Philadelphia. Cornwallis was again often in an advance role, leading the flanking manoeuvre at the Battle of Brandywine, [20] and playing key roles at Germantown and Fort Mercer. [21] [22] With the army in winter quarters in Philadelphia, Cornwallis finally returned home for leave. [23] Upon his return in 1778, Howe had been replaced by Clinton as commander in chief, and Cornwallis was now second in command. [24]

The entry of France into the war prompted the British leaders to redeploy their armed forces for a more global war, and Philadelphia was abandoned. Cornwallis commanded the rearguard during the overland withdrawal to New York City and played an important role in the Battle of Monmouth on 28 June 1778. After a surprise attack on the British rearguard, Cornwallis launched a counter-attack which checked the enemy advance. [25] Even though Clinton praised Cornwallis for his performance at Monmouth, he eventually came to blame him for failing to win the day. [26] In November 1778, Cornwallis once more returned to England to be with his ailing wife Jemima, who died in February 1779. [27]

Southern theatre

Cornwallis returned to America in July 1779, where he was to play a central role as the lead commander of the British "Southern strategy" (which was to invade the south on the assumption that a significantly more Loyalist population would rise up and assist in putting the rebellion down). [28] At the end of 1779, Henry Clinton and Cornwallis transported a large force south and initiated the second siege of Charleston during the spring of 1780, which resulted in the surrender of the Continental forces under Benjamin Lincoln. [29] After the siege of Charleston and the destruction of Abraham Buford's Virginia regiments at Waxhaw, Clinton returned to New York, leaving Cornwallis in command in the south. [30] [31] The relationship between Clinton and Cornwallis had noticeably soured during the Charleston campaign, and they were barely on speaking terms when Clinton left. [32]

The task Clinton left Cornwallis with was to, first and foremost, preserve the gains made by taking Charleston, and only then engage in offensive moves. [33] Clinton's orders gave Cornwallis wide latitude in how to achieve the goal of pacifying both South and North Carolina, after which Clinton expected Cornwallis to move into Virginia. Clinton wrote, "I should wish you to assist in operations which will certainly be carried on in the Chesapeake as soon as we are relieve from our apprehension of a superior fleet and the season will admit . " [34]

Clinton provided Cornwallis with a relatively modest force of British, German, and provincial (Loyalist) regiments—about 3,000 men—with which to accomplish all of this. [35] The forces he was given to accomplish this were limited by the necessity of keeping a large British force in New York under Clinton to shadow Washington. Cornwallis was expected to recruit more Loyalists, who were believed to be more numerous in the southern colonies. [36]

Cornwallis established a series of outposts in South Carolina, but keeping communication and supply lines open was an ongoing challenge. Supplies not available locally (like uniforms, camp gear, arms, and ammunition) were delivered all too infrequently, supply ships were frequent targets of local privateers, and bad weather impeded the work. [37] In order to help provide fresh food and forage for his troops, Cornwallis established two commissioners. The first was responsible for administering goods confiscated from Patriots (he avoided confiscating supplies from Loyalists since he depended on them for manpower and intelligence), and the second for administering land that was confiscated. [38]

A chronic shortage of hard currency (another supply only infrequently delivered to Charleston) made it difficult to purchase supplies from any source, either Patriot or Loyalist. [38] Cornwallis also attempted to reestablish civil authority under British or Loyalist oversight. Although these attempts met with limited success, they were continually undermined by Patriot activity, both political and military, and the indifferent abuses of British and Loyalist forces. Patriot militia companies constantly harassed Loyalists, small British units, and supply and communication lines. [39] [40]

In August 1780 Cornwallis's forces met a larger but relatively untried army under the command of Horatio Gates at the Battle of Camden, where they inflicted heavy casualties and routed part of the force. [41] [42] This served to keep South Carolina clear of Continental forces, and was a blow to rebel morale. [43] The victory added to his reputation, although the rout of the American rebels had as much to do with the failings of Gates (whose rapid departure from the battlefield was widely noted) as it did the skill of Cornwallis. [44] [45] In London, Cornwallis was perceived as a hero, and was viewed by many there as the right man to lead the British forces to victory over the rebels. [46]

As the opposition seemed to melt away, Cornwallis optimistically began to advance north into North Carolina while militia activity continued to harass the troops he left in South Carolina. [47] Attempts by Cornwallis to rally Loyalist support were dealt significant blows when a large gathering of them was defeated at Kings Mountain, [48] only a day's march from Cornwallis and his army, [49] and another large detachment of his army was decisively defeated at Cowpens. [50] He then clashed with the rebuilt Continental army under General Nathanael Greene at Guilford Court House in North Carolina, winning a Pyrrhic victory with a bayonet charge against a numerically superior enemy. [51] In the battle, he controversially ordered grape shot to be fired into a mass of combat that resulted in friendly casualties but helped break the American line. [52]

Cornwallis then moved his forces to Wilmington on the coast to resupply. Cornwallis himself had generally been successful in his battles, but the constant marching and the losses incurred had shrunk and tired out his army. [53] Greene, whose army was still intact after the loss at Guilford Courthouse, shadowed Cornwallis toward Wilmington, but then crossed into South Carolina, where over the course of several months American forces regained control over most of the state. [54]

Cornwallis received dispatches in Wilmington informing him that another British army under Generals William Phillips and Benedict Arnold had been sent to Virginia. Believing that North Carolina could not be subdued unless its supply lines from Virginia were cut, he decided to join forces with Phillips. [55]

Virginia campaign

On arrival in Virginia, Cornwallis took command of Phillips' army. Phillips, a personal friend of Cornwallis, died one week before Cornwallis reached his position at Petersburg. [56] He then sought to fulfil orders Clinton had given to Phillips, and raided the Virginia countryside, destroying American military and economic targets. [57]


  1. ↑ Chapin, Bradley. American Law of Treason: Revolutionary and Early National Origins (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1964) p. 35.
  2. ↑ Freeman, Douglas S. George Washington: A Biography. 7 vols. New York: Scribners, 1948–57, 4:119.
  3. ↑ Ward, Harry M. George Washington's Enforcers: Policing the Continental Army. (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2006) Chapt. 5 "Washington's Life Guard" p. 60
  4. ↑ In a 1783 letter to his aide, Washington asks to be remembered to Samuel Fraunces, and writes: "Pray let me know whether old Mrs. Thompson (our former Housekeeper) is in Town or not." Gen. Washington to Lt. Col. William Stephens Smith, 18 June 1783, in Writings of George Washington 27 (June 1783-November 1784), John C. Fitzpatrick, ed. (1931-44), p. 22. [1]
  5. ↑ William Spohn Baker, Itinerary of General Washington from June 15, 1775, to December 23, 1783 (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1892), p. 41.
  6. ↑Dr. Solomon Drowne to his sister Sally Drowne, New York, 24 June 1776 quoted in Henry Russell Drowne, A Sketch of Fraunces Tavern and Those Connected with Its History (New York: Fraunces Tavern, 1919), p. 8.
  7. ↑Dr.Solomon Drowne to his brother William Drowne, New York, 13 July 1776 ibid., p. 10.
  8. ↑ Peter T. Curtenius to Richard Varick, New York, 22 June 1776, quoted in Robert Hughes' George Washington (New York: 1927), p. 392 and Joseph Hewes to Samuel Johnson, Philadelphia, 8 July 1776, in William Powell, ed., Correspondence of William Tryon 2 (1768-1818) (Raleigh, NC: 1981), p. 862.
  9. ↑[2]
  10. ↑ "Memorials Addressed to Congress, 1775-88", Papers of the Continental Congress, Record Group 360, M.247, Reel 49, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  11. ↑ "Report on Samuel Fraunces Memorial," printed in Journals of the Continental Congress, 28 (Washington, DC: 1933).
  12. ↑ "Report of the Committee on Samuel Fraunces", 28 March 1785. Papers of the Continental Congress, National Archives, Washington, DC.
  13. ↑ "Report of the Board of the Treasury", 21 March 1786. Papers of the Continental Congress, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  14. ↑ Indenture between Samuel Fraunces and Charles Thompson, Secretary of the Continental Congress, 7 April 1785. Papers of the Continental Congress, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  15. ↑ George Washington Parke Custis and Benson J. Lossing, Private Memoirs of Washington (New York: Edgewood Publishing Co, 1859), p. 411.
  16. ↑ Benson J. Lossing, Washington and the American Republic (New York: Virtue & Yorston, 1870), vol. 1, p. 176.
  17. ↑Hickey Court-martial Minutes
  18. ↑ John F. Mines, "New York in the Revolution," Scribner's Monthly, vol. XI, no. 3 (January 1876), p. 311.
  19. ↑ Drowne, H.R. A Sketch of Fraunces Tavern, p. 8.
  20. ↑ Philadelphia county Records, Proven 22 Oct 1795 Will book X page 348
  21. ↑ "At first we supposed it was only a sham,/Till he drove a round ball thro' the roof of black Sam-", The Poems of Philip Freneau, Written Chiefly During the Late War (1786) p. 321. This refers to the 23 August 1775 night bombardment of Lower Manhattan by the British frigate Asia. Fraunces Tavern was hit by a cannonball.
  22. Heads of Families, First Census of the United States: 1790, State of New York (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, reprinted 1908), p. 117.
  23. ↑ G. Kurt Piehler, "Samuel Fraunces," American National Biography (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), vol. 8, pp. 414-15.
  24. The Royal Gazette, August 29, 1778.
  25. ↑Elizabeth Fraunces as "Phoebe"
  26. ↑ Records of Christ Church, Philadelphia, list Elizabeth Fraunces's birth, 26 December 1765, baptism, 27 January 1766.
    . Secret History of the American Revolution. New York: Viking Press, 1941.
  • Article: "Thomas Hickey court martial"
  • Ward, Harry M. George Washington's Enforcers: Policing the Continental Army. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 2006.

Primary documents from The American Archives, published online by the Northern Illinois University Libraries:


Cambridge Studies in Early Modern History

Cambridge Studies in Early Modern History monographs and studies illuminate the character of the period as a whole. In particular they focus attention on a dominant theme within it, the interplay of continuity and change as they are presented by the continuity of medieval ideas, political and social organization, and by the impact of new ideas, new methods and new demands on the traditional structures.

  • General Editors: John Elliott , University of Oxford , Olwen Hufton , University of Oxford , H. G. Koenigsberger , University of London , H. M. Scott , University of St Andrews

Legends of America

Patriots of Color at the Battle of Bunker Hill in the American Revolution.

Salem Poor was an African-American slave who purchased his freedom, became a soldier, and rose to fame as a war hero during the Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolution.

Salem Poor was born into slavery in 1747 on a farm in Andover, Massachusetts owned by John Poor and his son John Poor Jr. Many New England families treated their slaves as live-in servants and near family members, which may have been the case in the Poor family. Salem Poor purchased his freedom on July 10, 1769, from John Poor Jr. for 27 pounds, a year’s salary for an average working man at the time.

In August 1771, Poor married Nancy Parker, a maidservant to Captain James Parker who was half Native American and half African American. The couple continued to live in Andover and had a son named Jonas born in about 1775.

In May 1775, Poor enlisted in the militia, serving under Captain Benjamin Ames in Colonel James Frye’s regiment, opposing the British troops occupying besieged Boston. On June 16, 1775, Frye’s regiment, along with two others, was ordered to march from Cambridge to Charlestown (Boston). There were about 350 men in Frye’s regiment, and, with several hundred men from the other two regiments, the group totaled about 850. Poor, along with other soldiers then began to build a redoubt, or fort, on the top of Breed’s Hill, adjacent to Bunker’s Hill. The next day, the Battle of Bunker Hill was fought on June 17, 1775, which included more than 100 African American and Native American soldiers fighting for the nation’s liberty.

Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolution by John Trumbull

Salem Poor is best remembered for his actions during the Battle of Bunker Hill, where he is credited with killing British Lieutenant Colonel James Abercrombie as well as several British soldiers. Later that year, Poor’s valor and gallantry at the Battle of Bunker Hill prompted 14 officers, including Colonel William Prescott, to cite him for heroism and petition the General Court of Massachusetts with the following statement:

“To the Honorable General Court of the Massachusetts Bay: The subscribers beg leave to report to your Honorable House (which we do in justice to the character of so brave a man), that, under our own observation, we declare that a negro man, called Salem Poor, of Col. Frye’s regiment, Capt. Ames’ company, in the late battle at Charlestown, behaved like an experienced officer, as well as an excellent soldier. To set forth particulars of his conduct would be tedious. We would beg leave to say, in the person of this said negro, centers a brave and gallant soldier. The reward due to so great and distinguished a character, we submit to the Congress.”

No other soldier of the American Revolution received such recognition.

Black soldier in the American Revolution

In the meantime, General George Washington ended the recruitment of African Americans and on November 12, 1775, he issued orders prohibiting all black men from serving in the Continental Army. In response, the Governor of Virginia — Lord Dunmore offered freedom to all slaves willing to serve with the British. Washington then immediately changed his position and ordered all recruiters to enlist any black men who wanted to fight.

Poor immediately re-enlisted in the militia and served at Fort George in upstate New York under General Benedict Arnold in 1776. Salem fought in the Battle of White Plains on October 28, 1776, and the Battles of Saratoga in September and October of 1777, before retreating with the other patriots to the winter camp at Valley Forge in 1677-78. Later, he fought in the Battle of Monmouth on June 28, 1778, and continued to fight with the Patriot forces until March 20, 1780, when he was apparently discharged.

That year, he married his second wife, Mary Twing, a free African American. The couple briefly moved to Providence, Rhode Island. By 1785, the marriage was over and Salem married a white woman named Sarah Stevens in 1787.

In 1793 he was known to have spent several weeks in the Boston Almshouse and was briefly jailed for “breach of peace” in 1799. He married for the fourth and final time in 1801 and died in poverty in Boston in 1802. He was buried on February 5th, but the location of his grave remains unknown.

In 1975, the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Bunker Hill, the United States Postal Service issued a commemorative stamp for Salem Poor in honor of his heroism during the battle.


General Orders Head Quarters,Cambridge, November 28, 1775 - History

Revolutionary War Soldiers

GRAVES OF REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS.

Located by the Daughters of American Revolution

Source: TWENTIETH REPORT OF THE NATIONAL SOCIETY of the DAUGHTERS of the AMERICAN REVOLUTION
OCTOBER 11, 1916, TO OCTOBER 11, 1917 - pub. June 9, 1918
65th Congress, 2nd session, Document NO. 241
Transcribed by Tina Easley

NOTE: This is not a complete list of all Revolutionary War Soldiers

The locating and marking of Revolutionary soldiers' graves is another work of the Daughters of the American Revolution, but carrying with it a great deal of labor, since accurate dates, location, names, services, etc., must be secured and identified before the D.A.R. markers can be placed.

The accompanying list of soldiers' graves is an addition to a similar list in the last report and shows the activity of the society during the past year. Those that have been "marked" by the society are so ind icated in the list.

Else Cilley Chapter, Nottingham, N. H., placed a memorial monument on Nottingham Square to the four generals—Bartlett, Butler, Ci lley, and Dearborn—who went from there to the Revolutionary War. This mon ument was dedicated on July 4, 1917. It has a Concord granite base with a Quincy granite pedestal and Westerly granite Minute Man.

Col. Thomas Lothrop Chapter, Cohasset, Mass., located the grave of a Cohasset heroine of the Revolution, Persis (Tower) Lincoln, daughter of Daniel and Perthia (Nichols) Tower and wife of Allen Lincoln, who was taken prisoner and died in Dartmoor prison. Persis ran the blockade from Cohasset to Gloucester to get supplies for relatives and friends which could not be obtained in Boston.

Adams, Andrew. Born 1735 died November 27, 1797 buried in West Litchfield (Conn.) Cemetery.

Adkins, Isaiah. Born 1760 died May 14, 1842 buried at Union Hill, near Mehoopany. Pa. He ranked as a corporal.

Agry, Thomas. Birth and death not given buried in Hallowell Cemetery, Hallowell, Me.

Allen, William. Died March 31, 1823 (aged 78) buried in Agawam Center (Mass.) Cemetery.

Alsop, John (private). Born 1743 died 1783 buried in Frederick County, Md.

Ames, Elisha. Born 1758 died September 26, 1845 buried at Mehoopany, Pa. Private in Massachusetts troops.

Anderson, Benjamin (private). Born September 13, 1766 died August 2, 1830 buried in Silver Spring churchyard, Cumberland County, Pa.

Anderson, Isaac. Buried in Valley Park, Montgomery County, Pa.

Andrews, Jonathan. Born 1756 died November, 1826 buried at Pleasant Ridge, Me.

Angel, Daniel. Born August 27, 1749 buried Mehoopany (Roger Hollow), Pa. Company, Capt. Benjamin Slack, of horsemen regiment, Col. Barton. Also in Jonathan Night's company, under Col. Kimball.

Annis, Jacor. (Dates obliterated grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Atwater, Reuren. (Located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Atwater, Samuel. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Ayres, Lieut. William. Born February 28, 1724 died December 14, 1814 buried in the Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Bailey, Dudley. Born December, 1744 died March, 1812-13 buried at West Dummerston, Vt. Served under Capt. Edgell, R. I.

Bailey, Oliver. Born 1738 died 1822 buried in Granville Cemetery, Pennsylvania. He was from the State of Connecticut.

Bailey, Thomas. Buried in Ebenezer Churchyard, South Carolina. (Located by Catawba Chapter, at Rock Hill, S. C.)

Baldwin, Ashrel. Born March 7, 1751 or 1757 died May 18, 1828 buried at Morris, Conn., which, at that time, was a part of Litchfield, but not at this present time.

Baldwin, Col. Jeduthan. Born January 13, 1730 died June 4, 1788 buried in the Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Baldwin, James. Born November 12, 1759 died May 24, 1843 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Baldwin, Capt. John. (Grave located by London Chapter, London, Ohio.)

Barrour, Major Mordecai. Born 1760 died 1846. He was born in Culpeper County, Va., and served as an officer in the Virginia continental line of the Revolutionary Army. Was present at the siege of Yorktown, and family records record the fact that the plume was shot out of his hat during that engagement. He drew a pension after the war. Died in 1846 at Weston, the home of his granddaughter, Mrs. John Gillam Friend, and is buried in Beth-Salem Cemetery, Boligee, Green County, Ala. His record is on his tombstone.

Barnes, Orange. Born 1762 died September 30, 1823 buried at Footville, near Litchfield, Conn.

Barrett, Oliver. Buried in Sheddsville, West Windsor, Vt. He drew a pension.

Bartlett, Asa. Born 1754 died September 17, 1837 buried in private family burying ground in town of Cumberland, R. I.

Bartlett, Gen. Thomas. Born October 22, 1745 died June 30, 1805 buried on Nottingham Square, Nottingham, N. H.

Bartlett, Wyman. Born April 15, 1754 buried in Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Baskerville, Lieut. Samuel. Buried in Paint Township Cemetery on his farm in Ohio. Was a lieutenant in a Virginia regiment during Revolutionary War for seven years and nine months. Moved to Ohio in 1809. Was associate judge from 1810 to 1812.

Batterton, Samuel. Born 1758, died June 11, 1833. Pensioned under act of March 18, 1818, for service as private in Virginia line. Buried on farm owned by Mrs. Hickman, near Harrison County line, on road between Millersburg and Cynthiana, Ky. Grave marked by old limestone headstone, with inscription containing words "A soldier of American Revolution."

Beach, Noah. Born August 21, 1754 died April 12, 1851 buried West Litchfield, Conn.

Bean, Capt. John. Buried in Episcopal Cemetery, Evansburg, Pa.

Beere, Bezaleel. Born April 28, 1741 died May 28, 1824 buried in West Litchfield, Conn.

Beebe, Samuel. Served in the Revolutionary War. Moved to Ohio and became a settler of Canaan Township, Madison County, in 1815.

Beecher, Burr. Born 1757 died November 11, 1823 buried at Northfield, Conn.

Beeman, John. Buried in Hallowell Cemetery, Hallowell, Me.

Beer, Robert. Born in Ireland, April 21, 1750, died in Illinois in 1842. He was drafted at Easton, Northampton County, Pa. enlisted in 1777 for two months as ensign, under Capt. John Mack in February, 1778, as ensign for two months under Capt. Timothy Jeans September, 1778, and at various times as ensign and Indian spy for one month, under Capt. Patrick Campbell. Also served under Col. Jacob Stroud, of Pennsylvania. Applied for and received a pension October 16, 1832, while a resident of Beaver County, Pa. Moved to Fulton County, 11l., in 1840, where he died in 1842, and was buried in a country cemetery near Fairview, Fulton County. A Revolutionary marker was placed on his grave October 31, 1916, by the Col. Jonathan Latimer Chapter, D. A. R., of Abingdon, 111., the regent of this chapter, Mrs. Mary B. Campbell, being a great-greatgranddaughter of Robert Beer.

Bell, (beall), Archibald. Born October 3, 1756 died July 3, 1840. Inscription on old monument in North Middletown Cemetery says: "A soldier of the Revolutionary War, and one of the few survivors of the Battle of Blue Licks."

Bennett, Deacon David. Born about 1761 died June, 1848 buried at Dummerston, Vt. He drew a pension.

Bennett, Samuel. Born about 1758 died September, 1841 buried at Brookline, Vt. Was a member of Connecticut State troops.

Benton, Nathaniel. Born August 25, 1726 died September 30, 1800 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Betterley, Thomas. Born April, 1751, died June, 1836 buried at West Dummerston, Vt. Served under Capt. Lovell, of Massachusetts.

Bigelow, Jonas. Buried in Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass. Birge, Benjamin. Born April 19, 1763 died March 17, 1796 buried at Headquarters. (Grave located by Mary Floyd Tallmadge Chapter, Litchfield, Conn.)

Birge, James. Born October 16, 1758 died February 10, 1850 buried at Headquarters, Connecticut.

Bishop, Jared. (Located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Bisseli, Archelaus. Born August 14, 1758 died April 26, 1846 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Bisseli., Benjamin. Born January 15, 1754 died February 28, 1825 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Bissell, Calvin. Born April 21, 1753 died October 28, 1837 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Bissell, John. Born December 28, 1761 died July 27, 1819 buried at Milton, Conn.

Bissell, Zebulon. Born October 30, 1751 died May 16, 1824, buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Bivins, John. Born 1760 died 1839. Enlisted Northampton, Mass., 1775 served nine months. Enlisted December, 1775 served one year. Enlisted August, 1777, for two or two and a half years again in the fall of 1779, from New York, three months under Capt. Gideon King. Died at Marietta, Fulton County, Ill., 1839.

Black, Alexander. Buried in Ebenezer Churchyard, South Carolina.

Black, Joseph. Buried in Ebenezer Churchyard, in South Carolina.

Blair, William. Born March 24, 1759 died July 2, 1824 buried at Old Waxhaw Presbyterian Church, South Carolina. He fought in Battles of Hanging Rock, Eutaw Springs, Ratcliffe Ridge, Stono Fiske Dam Ford, on Broad River.

Blakeslee, Samuel. Born 1757 ( 59) died February 16, 1831 buried at Northfield, Conn.

Blodgett, John. Born 1733 died April 10, 1813. Served in Capt. John Sherman's company, and Col. Gideon Burt's regiment. June 16, 1782, served four days against insurgents at Springfield, and Northampton, (vol. 2, p. 196). Buried in Old Village Cemetery, New Hampshire.

Blood, Sewall. Born 1765 died 1814. Entered as a private at the age of 16, the Massachusetts Militia in 1781. Blue, Stephen. Buried in North Carolina.

Bodourtha, Joseph. Burled in Agawam Center Cemetery, Massachusetts. Bodurtha, Stephen. Age 56. Died January 22, 1803. Buried in Agawam Center Cemetery, Massachusetts. Bond, John. Born 1734 died December 29, 1803 buried at Conway, Mass. Was a private in Capt. Robert Oliver's company, also served in Col. Eph. Doolittle's regiment. Return made October 6, 1775.

Bond, Capt. Thomas. Born January 30, 1739 died 1784 buried in Maple

Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass. Boswell, Reuben. Buried in North Carolina. Bourne, John. Born 1760 (?) died October 6, 1859. Was at Dorchester Heights, March 17,1776. Enlisted November 7,1777, for three years, at the age of 17, in Massachusetts company. Bowe, Thaddeus. Died September 28, 1828, age 68. He was a private in Enoch C. Cooper's company

Bowen, Jabesh. He was a corporal in Capt. Jonathan Danforth's company, Col. Daniel Brewer's Ninth regiment. Private company returned October 7, 1775. Buried at Corson's Cemetery, Norridgewock, Me.

Bradley, Aaron. Born August 27, 1762 died October 24, 1843 buried at Bantam, Conn.

Bradley, Daniel. Born 1725 died September 13, 1802 buried at East Litchfield, Conn. Bradley, James. Buried in North Carolina.

Brandon, Christopher. Died 1847 buried in Union Cemetery, South Carolina.

Brandon, Col. Thomas. Died 1802 buried in Union Cemetery, South Carolina.

Bray, Joseph. Born December 25, 1762 died January 31, 1841. He was a private in John Scott's company was in service from August 31, to November 20, in Penobscot expedition. Buried near Pelton Brook, Starks, Me.

Breast, John. Born 1760 died January 1, 1844. Drew a pension under act of June 7, 1832, for service in Virginia line. He is buried back of old Log House, "Breast Tavern," a few yards from the road between Paris and Little Rock, Ky., on a farm owned by J. H. Roseberry. The grave formerly had a rough limestone marker, exact spot now obliterated.

Brenig, Col. George. Buried at Lehigh Church, Albertus, Pa.

Briggs, Joseph. Born about 1758 died February, 1850 buried at Dover Center, Vt. He was pensioned in 1833.

Briggs, Samuel. Born at Barnstead, N. H., June 21, 1764 died at Carratunk, Me., October 30, 1840.

Britton, John. Buried at Horton Cemetery, Atlas, Mich. (Marker placed by Genesee Chapter, Flint, Mich.)

Broadwater, Col. Charms B. Died 1806 buried near Vienna. Va. Served in old French and Indian War, 1764.

Broadwater, Lieut. Charles Gray. Served in Revolutionary War. Buried near Vienna, Va.

Broadwater, Lieut. Charles Lewis. Served in Revolutionary War and War of 1812. Buried near Vienna, Va.

Brooke, Capt. John. Buried at Limerick Square, Pa.

Brooke, Matthew. Buried at St. David's Cemetery, Radnor, Va.

Brookes, David. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chatter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Brookes, Enos. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Bruce, Joseph. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt)

Bruen, Jabez. Born July 24, 1750 died November 27, 1814. (Grave located by Mrs. Charles A. Pauly, regent, Cincinnati (Ohio) Chapter, who is a direct descendant of Jabez Bruen.)

Bryant, Daniel. (Grave located by the Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Buel, Peter, Jr. Born October 12, 1739 died January 30, 1797 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Buel, Salmon. Born 1736 died December 18, 1811 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Bull, Asa. Born 1751 died April 14, 1805 buried at West Litchfield, Conn. Bullock, Darius. Born about 1761 died October, 1833 buried at Halifax, Vt. He was pensioned in 1832. Burke, Solomon. Born 1742 died 1819. He was a private in Capt. John Macy's Windsor Company, Vermont Militia, 1780.

Bubkhalter, John.* Born 1762 died 1861. Served in the Revolution under Gen. Clarke was in the Battle of Kettle Creek at the Siege of Augusta, Ga. (Marker unveiled by his great-great-granddaughters, Ruth and Esther Short.)

Bush, Lieut. Joseph. Died October 10, 1828 buried in the Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfleld, Mass.

Butler, Gen. Henry. Born April 27, 1754 died July 20, 1813 buried on Nottingham Square, Nottingham, N. H.

Button, Newberry. Born in Stonington, Conn., 1766 died in New Haven, Conn., December 15, 1843, aged 78. Served as a flfer. (Record given by Eve Lear Chapter, New Haven.)

Cady, Manasseh. Born 1758: died 1833. He was corporal of marines on board the frigate Trumbull, 1781.

Camp, Abel. Born 1748 died May 8, 1825 buried at Morris, which used to be a part of Litchfield, Conn., but it is not at the present time.

Camp, Ezra. Born 1762 died December 23, 1838 buried at Morris, Conn.

Campbell, John. Died October 27, 1833 aged 83 buried at Buffalo Cross Roads Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Union County, Pa. He was a private served under Capt. Robert McKee, 1776 under Lieut. James Laird, 1777 Col. Lowrey's regiment of Derry Township, Lancaster County, Pa.

Carmany, Johannes. Born June 15, 1760 died May 19, 1840 buried in the Reformed Churchyard at Campbellstown, Pa. His father, who had enlisted, was taken sick, and the son, then 16 years of age, took his place. He was a private in one of the Lancaster County companies of the Flying Camp, in service on Long Island.

Carothers, James. Buried in Ebenezer Churchyard, South Carolina.

Cary, Luther. Born 1759 died October 8, 1834. (Grave located In Ohio.)

Catlin, Thomas, Jr. Born June 18, 1737 died December 9, 1829 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Catlin, Uriah. Born June 15, 1735 died April 10, 1808 buried at Northfield, Conn.

Chamberlain, Moses. Died December 9, 1833, Bingham, Me. He enlisted in the Revolutionary War at the age of 19 years.

Champion, Judah. Born 1729 died October 8, 1810 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Chandler, Mordecai. Lived at Hebron Church, Union, S. C. Buried in Spartanburg County, S. C.

Chapin, Capt. Elisha. Aged 49. He was killed by savages in Williamstown, Mass., July 17, 1756, or 1776 (date blurred). Buried in Elmwood Cemetery, Holyoke, Mass.

Chase, James. Died 1844 aged 93 buried West Dummerston, Vt. He was a pensioner and had served in the Rhode Island Militia, Revolutionary War.

Chase, Lot. Born 1759 died February 10, 1836 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Chase, Roger. Born September 15, 1749 died June 25, 1822 went with Arnold's expedition to Quebec. Enlisted June 1, 1775, for two months.

Chidester, William. Born 1756 died 1813 buried in Canfield, Ohio. Served four years in Connecticut regiment.

Childs, Jonas. Buried in Hallowell Cemetery, Hallowell, Me.

Child, Jonathan. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Childs, Jonathan. Born October, 1756 died July, 1819 buried In Wilmington, Vt, Served in Col. Learnard's regiment, Massachusetts.

Chiley, Gen. Joseph. Born 1734 died August 25, 1799 buried on Nottingham Square, N. H. Clark, Ahel. Born 1765 died March 25, 1842 buried at Morris, Conn.

Clark, Isaac. Buried in Hallowell Cemetery, Hallowell, Me.

Clark, Sylvanus. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Clark, Thomas. Born 1749 died January, 1836 buried at Dummerston Center, Vt. Served under Capt. Josiah Boyden.

Clay, Samuel. Born May 10, 1761 died April 9, 1810 buried on farm owned by Mr. Charlton Clay, between his residence and Stoner Creek, near Paris, Ky. Old graveyard now obliterated. He served in Revolutionary War, having enlisted in 1777, and followed Gen. Greene throughout his campaign in the Carolinas. (Manuscript lists in the Virginia Historical Society.)

Clement, Philip. Born 1744 died November 10, 1817 buried in the "Old

Village Cemetery." Served as a private, Haverhill, Mass., under Capt.

Samuel Merrill, Maj. Gage's regiment, September 30 to November 6, 1777. Clift, Capt. Joseph. He was captain of Tenth Marshfield, Second Plymouth

County Regiment. Buried at Two-Mile Cemetery, Mass. Clift, Capt. Wills. Buried back of Unitarian Church at Marshfield Hills,Mass.

Cline, Jonas. Born 1760 or 1764 died 1840. Enlisted at Shawangunk, N. Y. Pension granted in 1832 while living in Richland County, Ohio. Died in Fulton County, 11l.

Cline, William. Buried at Pleasant Hill Cemetery, Portland, Ind. (Grave marked 1917.)

Clontz, Jeremiah. Buried in North Carolina.

Clowney, Samuel. Buried in Fair Forest Cemetery, South Carolina.

Corurn, Lemuel. (Dates obliterated. Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Coe, Levi. Born 1761 died February 28, 1832 buried at West Litchfield,Conn.

Cole, Samuel. Buried in the Old Union Cemetery, Johnstown, Pa. (Grave marked 1917.)

Collens, Charles. Born August 5, 1727 died August 17, 1796 buried at Morris, Conn.

Converse, Jeremiah. Born in New Hampshire in 1760. Enlisted as a private in Revolutionary War. Severely wounded by Indians, which disabled him for life. Emigrated to Ohio in 1814, and died in 1837.

Cook, Enoch. Born 1761 died August, 1839 buried at Dummerston Center, Vt. Served under Capt. Josiah Boyden.

Cook, Lieut. Oliver. Born about 1735 died January, 1813 buried at Brattleboro, Vt. Served under Capt. John Sargeant.

Cooper, Enoch. Died April 13, 1814, aged 75. He was first lieutenant in Capt. Nathan Rowley's company. Buried in Old North Cemetery, Agawam, Mass.

Cory, Elnathan. Born 1757 died February 14, 1838. Private in New Jersey Militia. Died in Beaver County, Pa., and is buried in Wilson's graveyard at New Galilee, Pa. Cotton, Benj. Born 1758 died July 13, 1846 buried at Seville, Ohio. His grave marked in 1917. Date of enlistment, 1775 to end of war. Engaged in the Battles of Hubbardton, Monmouth, and both Battles of Still water. He died in Wayne County, Ohio. Date of pension application, April 22, 1818. Residence at that time was Truxton, Cortland County, N. X.

Couch, John. Buried in Hallowell Cemetery, Hallowell, Me.

Crandell, Richmond. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North

Cranston, Elon. Born 1760 died May 27, 1837 buried at East Litchfield,

Cranston, James. Born 1755 died December 20, 1783 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Crooks, William. Died May, 1778. Murdered by Indians near Tunkhannock. Miner asks, "Was not the blood of Crooks the first shed at Wyoming?"

Culbertson, Capt. Robert. Born July 23, 1755 died July 26, 1801 buried in Rocky Spring Churchyard, Franklin County, Pa.

Curry, Robert. Born 1756 died 1801. Served in Fourth Light Dragoon Continental Troop, Revolutionary War.

Curtis, Samuel, sr. Born at Worcester, Mass., September 26, 1730 died at Auburn, Mass., October 18, 1814 buried in Hope Cemetery, Worcester, Mass.

Curtis, Zebina. Born 1760 died 1828. Private in Capt. John Marcy's (Windsor) company, Vermont Militia, in 1780.

Cuthbertson, Capt. John. Buried in North Carolina.

Dannals, Stacy. Buried in Old Beaver Cemetery in Beaver, Pa.

Davis, Capt. John. Buried at Bethel Meeting, Worcester Township, Montgomery County, Pa.

Dawkins, Maj. Elisha. Buried at old home, near Union, S. C.

Davis, Thomas. Philadelphia Chapter. Philadelphia, Pa., placed a sedile in the sanctuary of the Washington Memorial Chapter at Valley Forge and dedicated it on October 21, 1916, in memory of Rev. Thomas Davis, soldier, patriot, and churchman. He was a soldier under George Washington, 1776-1780. He was rector of George Washington's church at Alexandria, Va., from 1792 to 1806, and intimately associated with George Washington in his civil, military, and religious life.

Day, Adonijah. Died October 1, 1790 buried in Presbyterian Cemetery, Lima, N. Y. Served in Nineteenth Regiment, Pennsylvania Troop.

Day, Capt. Jos. Died March 19, 1813 aged 67 buried in Elmwood Cemetery,

Day. Joel. Died February 14, 1803, aged 72. Private under Capt. Enoch Chapin. Buried in Elmwood Cemetery, Holyoke, Mass.

Day, Lieut., John. Died November 21, 1810, aged 82 buried in Elmwood Cemetery, Holyoke, Mass.

Dean, Benjamin. Born 1739 died 1815. Private in Col. Elmore's regiment, continental service. Mattross in Lamb's regiment of artillery. Served three years. Buried in Canfield, Ohio.

Dearborn, Gen. Henry. Born February 23, 1751 died June 6, 1829. Died at Roxbury, Mass., and is buried at Mount Auburn, near city of Boston.

De Berry, Henry. Born in Edgecombe County, N. C. died in Montgomery County, N. C. He was the first sheriff of Montgomery County, N. C.

Decker, David. Buried in Moscow, Me. Was one of the Boston Tea Party.

Deiley, Daniel. Buried in old Allentown Cemetery, Allentown, Pa.

Deming, Julius. Born April 16, 1755 died January 23, 1838 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Demon, Levi. Born 1749 died March, 1797 buried at Hartford, Vt. Served in Col. Ebenezer Wood's regiment.

Dennison, Chauncey. Born 1750 died July 18, 1838. (Headquarters.)

De Wolf, Levi. Born May 9, 1764 died January 23, 1849 buried at Morris, Conn.

Dickey, Elias. Born 1754 died November 13, 1839 served Capt. Daniel Emerson's company, Col. Wingate's regiment. Dickinson, Jesse. Born 1753 died March 17, 1840 buried in Fitch's Cemetery, Northmoreland County, Pa. He was a flfer. Served under Capt. Stoddard and Capt. Samuel Sanford and Cols. Chandler, Russell, Hait, and Isaac Sherman regiments. He was at Brandywine, Bunker Hill, and at the surrender at Yorktown.

Dickinson, John. Born 1758 died 1850 buried in West Cemetery, Amherst, Mass.

Dickinson, Nathaniel. Born 1750 died 1802 buried in West Cemetery, Amherst, Mass. Served in Col. Elisha Porter's regiment.

Dickinson, Oliver. Born July 10, 1757 died March 23, 1847 buried at Milton, Conn.

Diefenderfer, John. Buried in old Allentown Cemetery, Allentown, Pa.

Dingley, Thomas. Died 1806. Captain of Thirteenth Company Marshfield,Second Plymouth County regiment. He was a deacon. Buried at Winslow, Mass.

Dodge, Daniel. Born September 15, 1729 died 1814 buried in the Westfield Flats Cemetery, Roscoe, N. Y. Was a private in Col. Fred Weissenfel's company, The Levies, New York State.

Doolittle, Ambrose. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Douglass, George. Buried in Old Waxhaw Cemetery, North Carolina.

Du Bois, Martin. Born October 1, 1764, in New York died in Bunker Hill, Mich., 1854. Enlisted in Ulster County, N. Y., as a private. Buried in Fitchburg Cemetery, Bunker Hill, Ingham County, Mich. His wife died same day and both are buried in same grave.

Dummer, Nathaniel. Buried at Hallowell Me. (Grave marked 1917.)

Durand, Samuel. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Dusenbury, Capt. John. Buried in Peoria, Ill., in old French Cemetery, now covered with buildings of a business character.

Ely, Enoch. Died February 19, 1842 aged 87 buried in Elmwood Cemetery,

Holyoke, Mass. Served as private under Capt. Enoch Chapin. Ely, Capt. Joseph. Died May 31, 1803 aged 85 buried in Elmwood Cemetery,

Holyoke, Mass. Emmons, Phineas. Born October 1, 1756 died June 13, 1825 buried at Milton, Conn.

Esterbrook, Ben.i. Born about 1744 died May, 1830 buried at Dummerston Center, Vt. Served near Boston, Mass.

Evans, Rev. Edward. Buried at Constantlne, Mich. (Grave marked 1917.)

Eveleth, Zimri. Born August 31, 1763 died May 1, 1816, in Scituate, Mass.,and was buried there in Union Cemetery. He was born in Lancaster, Mass. His daughter Sarah married one William Vinal ofScituate. He has a host of descendants.

Everett, John. Born 1727 died 1819 buried in Canfield, Ohio. Fairbanks, Calvin. Born February 1, 1753 died November 1, 1836 buried at Royalton, Vt.

Falconer, John. Born 1747 died June 24, 1831 buried in Rural Cemetery, White Plains, N. Y. Served as ensign in the Second Regiment Westchester County Militia, under Col. Thomas Thomas. (Grave marked by White Plains Chapter, D. A. R.)

Fabnan, Seth. Born 1734 died April 13, 1820 buried at Morris, Conn.

Farr, Lieut. Col. William. Died 1794 buried in Sartor Graveyard, South

Feaster, Andrew. Born 1735 died 1821 buried in old Feaster Cemetery, at Feasterville, Fairfield County, S. C. Grave is marked by his son John. It has inscription, date of birth and death, and place of birth, etc. He furnished a field of oats and a mare to Col. Henry Hampton's regiment, Light Dragoons. (See Lib. O, No. 321, Hist. Rec. S. C.) His name is recorded as a soldier in the Revolution, in the Revolutionary Rolls as published in the Daily State, of Columbia, S. C, on.November 6, 1914.

Field, John. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Fitch, Haynes. Born 1734 died 1815 buried in Canfield, Ohio.

Flagg, Dimon. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Forrest, Joseph. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Forrest, Robert. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Foster, Maj. John. Buried in Union County, N. C, 12 miles from Monroe, N. C.

Fowler. Elisha. Buried in Agawam Center Cemetery, Massachusetts.

Fowler, Lieut, (later Capt.) Ellis. Buried in Kelley Graveyard, near Kel- ton, S. C.

Fowler, Job. Died February 23, 1813 aged 75 buried in Agawam Center

Fox, Nicholas. Buried in Old Allentown Cemetery, Allentown, Pa.

Fox, Consider. Born 1757 died April, 1859. (Grave located by General Richard Montgomery Chapter, Gloversville, N. Y.)

Freeman, Rtjfus. Born 1762, Providence, R. I. died July 15, 3847 buried at Seville, Ohio. (Grave marked 1917.) Date of enlistment April or May, 1780, five months. Residence, at time of enlistment, in Fitzwilliam Township, Cheshire County, N. H. Date of application for pension, June 25, 1833. Residence at that time, Canaan Township, Wayne County, Ohio.

Fuller, Enoch. Bodyguard to Washington and spent winter at Valley Forge. Buried in Winslow, Me.

Galpin, Amos. Born 1754 died December 7, 1843 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Garnsey, Noah. Born 1746 died September 18, 1820 buried at Northfield,

Garrison, Arthur. Buried at Ebenezer Churchyard, South Carolina.

Gibbs, Lemuel. Born March 16, 1737 died January 23, 1827 buried at Morris,

Gibbs, Moobe. Born January 12, 1757 died April 5, 1834 buried at Milton,

Gibbs, Solomon. Born July 15, 1760 died December 6, 1842 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Giddings, Capt. Daniel. Born 1734 died August 18, 1816 buried in the old village burying ground at Claremont, N. H. Was a lieutenant in Capt. Charles Smith's company, September 15 to 30, 1775 Col. John Foster's regiment January 15 to November 18, 1776 promoted to captain February 15, 1776 captain in Col. John Cogwell's regiment. Return April 30, 1778, with rank of captain. Gilbach, Sergt. Frederick. Buried in the old graveyard of the Reformed Church at Ulaytown, Lancaster County, Pa.

Gilbert, Lieut. Benj. Buried in the Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Gilbert, Capt. Daniel. Buried in the Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Gilbert, Col. Joseph. Buried in the Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Giles, Col. William. Wounded at Kings Mountain buried in South Carolina. Gillett, Simon. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Gilson, Eleazor. Born 1754 died 1825 buried in Canfield, Ohio. Was a pensioner. When Mr. Gilson applied for a pension, Tyral Tanner made this sworn statement: "I declare on the honor of a Revolutionary officer, that I know Eleazor Gilson to have been a private soldier in the Fifth Connecticut Regiment, Second Brigade, in the Army of the United States, from 1777 to 1780."

Gleason, Benj. Born 1745 died October, 1823 buried at Dummerston, Vt. Served seven years. From New Hampshire.

Gleason, Capt. . Buried in the Catholic Cemetery, Barnesville, Md.

Glenn, William C. Born 1764 died 1827 buried at Glenn Cemetery near Carlisle, S. C.

Goode, William. Born 1765 died 1837. Born in Powhattan County, Va., and died in Clarke County, Ala. Served in Virginia continental line.

Goodnow, Isaac, Jr. Born about 1739 died about 1812 buried at Newfane, Vt. Served Lexington Alarm, under Capt. Caleb King.

Goodrich, Joseph, Jr. Born Lunenburg, Mass., August 10, 1746 died in Bing'ham, Me., December 20, 1815. Served in Revolutionary War as private in the colonel's company, One hundred and fifteenth Massachusetts Regiment, commanded by Col. Timothy Bigelow. He enlisted for nine months and was discharged May 5, 1780.

Goodwin, Nathaniel, Sr. Born 1728 died May 18, 1777 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Goodwin, Nathaniel, Jr. Born 1760 died April 15, 1841 buried at Morris, Conn.

Goodwin, Ozias. Born November 27, 1733 died March 1, 1788 buried at West Litchfield, Conn. Goodwin, Uri. Born 1764 died April 12, 1830 buried at Morris, Conn. Goslee, Solomon. Born 1762 died November 29, 1834 buried at Bantam, Conn.

Gould, Oliver. Born 1734 died June 25, 1832 buried in "Old Village Burying Ground," Connecticut. Private in Capt. Aaron Guild's company, Col. Jos. Whitney's regiment, June 20, 1776 Capt. Ebenezer Battle's company, May 8, 1777.

Grant, Ambrose. Born September 14, 1745 died December 7, 1816 buried at East Litchfield, Conn. Graves, Noadiah. Buried at Coldwater, Mich.

Griesemer, Felix. Buried in Old Allentown Cemetery, Allentown, Pa.

Griesemer, John. Buried in Old Allentown Cemetery, Allentown, Pa.

Griffin, Richard. Buried in Lanes Creek Township, near the Stack Road. Was wounded at Cowpens, S. C, in 1781. Grave in North Carolina.

Griswold, John. Born June 29, 1758 died December 22, 1847 buried at Milton, Conn.

Griswold, Midian. Born 1763 died November, 1829 buried at Bantam, Conn.

Grove, Michael. Died September, 1827, at Jersey Shore buried at Dreisbach Church Cemetery, near Lewisburg, Pa. Private in Pennsylvania Militia served under Lieut. Peter Grove also belonged to Lieut. Robinson's rangers.

Guild, Ame. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Guild, John. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Hafner, Michael. Buried at Dreisbach Church Cemetery, near Lewisburg, Pa. He was a private in Capt. George Reihm's First Regiment Berks County Militia, Col. Samuel Ely, in 1781.

Haggins, Joer. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Haines, Ensign Henry. Buried in the old graveyard of the Old Reformed Church of Ulaytown, Lancaster County, Pa.

Haines, John. Buried in Hallowell Cemetery, Hallowell, Me.

Hale, Thomas. Buried in the Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Hall, Dr. Amos. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Hall, Jonathan. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Hall, Jonathan. Born 1757 died 1855. Private Massachusetts Militia 1776 and 1777 captain of Revolutionary Veterans on the occasion of the visit of Lafayette to Windsor, 1825.

Hall, John. Born 1754 died April 4, 1848 buried at Milton, Conn.

Hamrright, Col. Frederick. Born 1727 died 1817 buried at Shilo Cemetery, Grover, S. C.

Handy, Samuel. Died October, 1838 buried in Pioneer Cemetery, West Blumfield, N. Y. He was quartermaster sergeant, Second Connecticut. Harbison, John. Buried in Center County, Pa.

Harding, George. Born 1761 died 1830 buried in Canfield, Ohio.

Harding, John. Born 1758 died 1838 buried in Canfield, Ohio. Private in Capt. John Van Mater's company rangers in Westmoreland County, Pa. Drum major Tenth Pennsylvania Continental Line. Appointed January 14, 1777.

Harriden, Joseph. Among the men mustered by James Leonard, muster master for Bristol County, dated September 2, 1777, Capt. Silas Cobb's company, Col. Danforth Keyes's regiment.

Harris, William. Born October, 1757 died March, 1845 buried at Brattleboro, Vt. Pensioned 1818.

Harrison. David. Born 1751 died April 13, 1812 buried at Morris, Conn.

Harrison, Elihu. Born 1740: died May 3, 1806 buried at Morris, Conn.

Harrison, Thomas, Jr. Born 1723 died December 23, 1791 buried at Morris, Conn.

Hart, Rev. Oliver. (Grave located by Fair Forest Chapter, Union, S. C.) Harwick, Jacor. Born 1752 died 1833. Enlisted from Surry County, N. C, 1781. Born in the Colony of Pennsylvania. Buried in Fulton County, Ill. (Grave located by Peoria Chapter.)

Harwood, Major Peter. Buried in Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Hastings, Thomas. Born 1746 died 1827 buried in South Amherst Cemetery, Amherst, Mass.

Hatch, Charles. Born January 18, 1755 died October 13, 1828 buried at Marshfield, Mass. He was a deacon.

Haven, Abel. Born May 1763 died December 1850 buried at East Dummerston, Vt. Capt. Joseph Tyler's company.

Hawley, Josiah. Born 1748 died 1827. Private in Capt. John Macy's Windsor company, Vermont Militia, 1780.

Hayden, Josiah. Born 1734 died 1818 buried at Winslow, Me. Major of twenty-third regiment (Col. John Bailey's).

Heald, Timothy. Born 1715 died 1785 buried at Winslow, Me. Committee of Safety.

Heald, Timothy, Jr. Born 1749 died 1817 buried at Winslow, Me. Committee of Safety.

Heaton, James. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Helphenstone, Maj. Peter P. Native of Virginia major in Revolutionary War. Came to Chillicothe, Ohio, in 1805. Settled in Madison County, in 1807.

Henderson, Maj. John. Buried at Henderson Graveyard on Eison Plantation, South Carolina.

Henderson, Gen. William. (After the Revolutionary War settled on the Santee, S. C.)

Henry, Samuel. Born 1733 died 1790 buried at West Cemetery, Amherst, Mass. Capt Reuben Dickinson's company, Col. Porter's regiment. Herman, Martin. Born 1732 died 1804 buried at Langsdorf's graveyard, near Kingston, Cumberland County, Pa.

Higgins, Ichabod. Born August 1759 died January, 1852 buried at Jamaica, Vt. Pensioner. Served in Massachusetts Continental Lines.

Hildreth, Joseph, Sr. Born 1723 died July, 1798 buried at Dummerston, Vt. Col. John Sargeant's regiment.

Hildreth, Joseph, Jr. Born 1747 died May, 1812 Buried at Dummerston, Vt. Capt. Josiah Boyden's company. Hinds, Oliver. Buried at Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfleld, Mass. Hitchcock, Amassa. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Hitchcock, Bela. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.) Hitchcock, David. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Hoisington, Hon. Ebenezer. Born 1729 died 1804 member Dorset conevntion, September, 1776 member Westminster convention, October, 1776 member Windsor convention, June, 1777, and July, 1777 member Cumberland County Committee of Safety, 1776 member Vermont Board of War, 1777.

Hoisington, Lieut. Ebenezer, Jr., Born 1752 died 1839. Sergeant Vermont Militia, 1777 ensign, 1778 lieutenant in Capt. John Macy's Windsor company, Vermont Militia, 1780.

Hoisington, Elias. Born 1759 died 1810. Private in Lieut. Asahel Smith's Company, Vermont Militia, 1780 private in Capt. John Macy's Windsor company, Vermont Militia, 1780.

Hoisington, Elisha. Born 1753 or 1754 died 1827. Private in Connecticut Militia, 1779.

Hoisington, Orange. Born 1767 died 1839. Private in Capt. John Macy's Windsor company, Vermont Militia, 1780 (in his fourteenth year).

Hollingsworth, Benjamin. Has Government marker over grave. Buried at old home below Union, S. C.

Holton, Arad. Born 1752 died October, 1841 buried at Dummerston, Vt. Served under Capt. Jason Duncan.

Hooper, Jacob. Born 1749 died July 16, 1836 he was among the men mustered in by Nathan Wells, muster master for York County, Capt. Jeremiah Hill's company, Col. John Peterson's regiment.

Hopkins, Harris. Born March 1, 1744 died December 16, 1820 burled at Nortltfield, Conn.

Horton, Capt. Daniel. Born September 13, 1744 died December 9, 1807 buried at Rural Cemetery, White Plains, N. Y. (Grave marked by White Plains Chapter.)

Horton, Elisha. Born 1757 died November 30, 1837 buried at Bantam, Conn. Was one of "Tea-Party Men."

Horton, Maj. Jonathan. Buried in Rural Cemetery, White Plains, N. Y. First Regiment, Westchester County Militia, under Col. Joseph Drake.

Horton, Timothy. Died January 31, 1837, aged 72 buried in Old North Cemetery, Agawam, Mass. surgeon in Timothy Robinson regiment.

Hosmer William. Born 1738 died July 18, 1836 grave located at Seville, Medina County, Ohio.

Howe, Capt. Arner. Buried in Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Howe, Arraham. Buried in Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Howe, Nehemiah. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Howland, Arthur. Buried east of fair grounds, Marshfield, Mass.

Hurrard, Eldad. Born 1750 died 1841. Private in Capt. John Macy's Windsor company, Vermont Militia, 1776.

Hurrard, Watts, Jr. Born 1753 died 1826. Private in Capt. John Macy's Windsor company, Vermont Militia, 1780. Huggins, David, Sr. Born 1744 died 1821. Private in Capt. Josiah Russell's company of rangers (New Hampshire), 1776, private in Col. Chase's regiment, New Hampshire Militia in 1777.

Hughes, Col. Joseph. (Grave located by Fair Forest Chapter, Union, S. C.)

Hulett, David. Buried at Huletts Landing, on Lake George. Bronze tablet erected by the Washington Heights Chapter, New York City, N. Y.

Hull, Andrew. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Hull, Andrew, Jr. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Hull, Samuel. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Hull, Samuel, 2d. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Hunter, Sergt. William. (Afterwards a judge and Member of Congress.) Buried in Sheddsville. West Windsor, Vt.

Huntley, Rev. Jonathan. Born 1757 died May, 1834 buried West Dummerston, Vt. Pensioned in 1833.

Ives, Titus. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Jackson, Edward. Born 1730 died 1820. Served in Capt. John Willis's company, Second Virginia Regiment. Wounded in battle of Yorktown. Buried on the home farm, in family plot, about 1 mile south of Mount Clare, Harrison County, W. Va.

Jackson, Stephen. Son of Edward Jackson. Born July 31, 1764 died August, 1847 he was in same company with his father and both were wounded at Yorktown later moved to Harrison County, W. Va., when Stephen became an Indian scout. He is buried in same family plot, 1 mile south of Mount Clare, Harrison County, W. Va.

Jackson, William. Born 1760 died March 18, 1832 buried near Nicholson, Pa. Served i- Capt. Philip BevierV and Capt. William Paulding's regiment, Cols. Du Bois and Van Cortland.

Jacor's, Stephen. Born 1755 died 1816. Private in Capt. John Macy's Windsor company, Vermont Militia, 1781.

James, Shadeeick. Has a Government marker. Died in 1852 buried in Gilead Cemetery, near Jonesville, S. C.

Jenkins, William. Born in Wales, Febuary 19, 1762 died October 14, 1842. Second lieutenant in Capt. Conway's company, Fourteenth Regiment, commanded by Col. Charles Lewis. Buried at Murpheysboro, Ark. A monument has been erected by the Texarkana Chapter, Texarkana, Ark.

Jeter, James. Buried at Jeter Graveyard, near Santuc, S. C.

Johnson, Benjamin. Born 1759 or 1760 died January 7, 1829 buried at Bantam, Conn.

Johnson, Lieut. David. Baptized 1738 died August, 1812 buried at Dover, Vt . Commissioned lieutenant 1775 Capt. J. Simons. Jones, Abraham. Born about 1746 died December, 1816 buried at Dover, Vt. Served under Capt. Comfort Starr. Jones, Eaton, Jr. Born 1762 died January 5, 1838 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Jones, Jeremiah. Born 1759 died 1848 buried at Jones's Cemetery, on the original tract of land granted to Jeremiah Jones. Served under Capt. Srawfield, also Capt. James Fair, Col. Wade, Capt. Andrew Du Bose, and Gen. Marion. Grave located in South Carolina.

Jones, Joshua. Born 1758 died January 10, 1830. New Hampshire Revolutionary War rolls, p. 257. On pay roll of Capt. Titus Salter's list, 1775.

Joslen, Darius. Buried in Canfield, Ohio. Served as a private in Capt. Daniel Whiting's company, Berkshire County. Enlisted in Capt. Noah Langston's company. Served under Capt. Ezereal Herrick.

Joyce, Nathaniel. Born 1743 died February 28, 1827 buried in Cedar Grove Cemetery, Mass.

Keigher, George. Buried at Barren Hill, Pa.

Keiper, Sergt. Henry. Buried in Allentown Cemetery, Pa.

Kellogg, Eldad. Enlisted in Connecticut buried in Harpersfield, Ashtabula County, Ohio.

Kellogg, Jonathan. Born 1760 died 1823 buried in South Amherst Cemetery, Amherst, Mass. Served in Capt. Parker's company, Col. Porter's regiment.

Kemmerer, Frederick. Buried in Allentown, Pa.

Kendall, Joseph. Buried in Limerick Square, Pa.

Kennedy, Squire William. Buried in Union Cemetery, S. C. Grave has a

Kennedy, William, Jr. Buried in Union Cemetery, S. C. Grave has a Government marker.

Kent, Joseph. Born 1718 died 1801. He was a captain in Revolutionary War. Buried in Massachusetts. Kilbourn, David. Born April 28, 1742 died September 17, 1815 buried at Bantam, Conn.

Kilbourn, Giles. Born January 25, 1728 died September 13, 1797 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

King, Sergt. Alexander. Died August 8, 1826, aged 73 buried in Huntingdon (Pa.) Cemetery. Enlisted January, 1776, with Capt. Henry Darby, at New London Cross Roads, in Chester County, for one year, which he served, and was in battles of Long Island, White Plains, and the taking of the Hessians at Trenton. Early in 1777 he enlisted in Capt. Benjamin Fishburne's company, Fourth Regiment (Pennsylvania Line), commanded by Col. William Butler, and was promoted to the rank of sergeant. He continued in service until the beginning of 1781, when he was discharged by Col. Butler as unfit for service. He was wounded in the hand by a Hessian's bayonet and was afterward injured in the foot. (Pa. Archives, Ser. VI, IV, 533. Pensioner.)

Kister, John Nicholas. Died February 3, 1841 buried iu Pennsylvania.

Kirk, Joskph. Died in 1775 at Carrying Place, Me. buried in Pleasant Ridge, Me. He was one of Arnold's men.

Knight, Benjamin. Buried at Landaff, N. H. (grave marked 1917).

Knight, Samuel. Born about 1757 died July, 1817 buried at Duinmerston

Center. Vt. Served in Col. William Williams' regiment.

Knox, John. (Grave located in North Thetford, Vt.)

Lampson, Daniel. Born March 28, 1755 died October 6, 1852(3) buried at Morris, Conn.

Lanckton, John. Aged 71, died March 10, 1793 buried in Old North Cemetery, Agawam, Mass.

Landon, Daniel. Born February 11, 1717 died July 11, 1790 buried at West Litchfield. Conn.

Lang, Samuel. Buried in West Bath Cemetery, West Bath, N. H. (Grave marked 1917.)

Langhan, Elias. He was a major in Revolutionary War. Born in 1755 moved to Ohio in 1798 settled in Madison County in 1807 died April 5, 1830, at th# residence of Judge Baskerville, and buried on his farm in Ohio.

Larmon or Laymon, William. Buried in the Catholic Cemetery, Barnesville, Md.

Larnard, Deacon Moses. Born 1762 died 1845 buried at Halifax, Vt. He was a pensioner served in Massachusetts Continental Lines. Law, William. Buried in Connecticut.

Lee, Timothy. Born October 10, 1748 buried in Centremoreland, Pa. Sergeant in Revolutionary War.

Leland, Thomas. Born 1756 died 1847 buried at Seville, Ohio. (Grave marked 1917.). His pension was $12 per month. Served in Tenth Battalion, subsequently known as Ninth Massachusetts Regiment.

Lemmond, John. Buried in North Carolina.

Lemmond William. Buried in North Carolina.

Leonard, Abner. Died March, 1793, aged 48. Private in Lieut. Enoch Cooper's company, Col. David Leonard's regiment. (Vol. 9, page 682.) Buried in Old North Cemetery, Agawam, Mass.

Leonard, Ariiset. Died November 11, 1819, aged 64. Private in Capt. Nathan Rowley's company, Col. John Moseley's regiment. Buried in Old North Cemetery, Agawam, Mass.

Leonard, Benjamin. Died September 10. 1780. He was a drummer in Capt. Preserve Leonard's company, Col. Porter's regiment. Buried in Old North Cemetery, Agawam, Mass.

Leonard, Benjamin. Died February 24, 1785, aged 83 buried in Old North Cemetery, Agawam, Mass. Mustered October 25, 1780.

Leonard, Fellows. Died March 10, 1793 buried in Old North Cemetery, Agawam, Mass. Private in Capt. Preserve Leonard's company.

Leonard, Preserve. Died May 18, 1801, aged 73 buried in Old North Cemetery, Agawam, Mass. He was captain Tenth Company, Col. John Moseley's regiment.

Leonard, Moses. Died February 5, 1788, aged 77 buried in Old North Cemetery, Agawam, Mass. Private in Capt. Phineas Stebbin's company.

Leonard, Thadeus. Died September 5, 1842, aged 80 buried in Old North Cemetery, Agawam, Mass. Fifer in Capt. Samuel Sloper's company.

Lincoln, Elisha. Born 1795 died May 23, 1824 buried in Jewett Cemetery, at Twelve Corners, Madison, Me. Private Capt. Eleazer Hamlin's company, Gen. Thomas's regiment. Muster roll dated August 1, 1775.

Lines, Ralph. Buried in Connecticut.

Linn, John. Died September 28. 1847, aged 91 buried in the MiHIinburg (Pa.) Cemetery. Private under Capt. Erasmus Gill, Fourth Regiment Pennsylvania Cavalry, Col. Stephen Moylan also in First Battalion Northumberland County Militia, under Col. John Kelly.

Littell, William. Born 1745 died 1825 buried in Service Graveyard, South Side, Beaver County. He was a pensioner as recorded in Beaver, Pa., 1818.

Little, Capt. George. Buried at Marshfield Hills, Mass. (Wales Monument.)

Little, Luther. Buried at Sea View, Mass.

Loftin, Thomas. Buried in old Presbyterian Cemetery, Pickens County, Ala. Lord, Lynde. Born 1733 died June 10, 1801 buried at West Litchfield, Conn. Lord, Knox. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Lucas, George. Buried in Old Union Cemetery, Johnston, Pa. (Grave marked 1917.)

Lyons, Benj. Born 1733 died 1822 buried in Presbyterian Cemetery, White Plains, N. Y. Second Regiment West Chester County Militia, under Col. Thomas Thomas.

Macy, Capt. John. Born 1724 died 1797. Captain of a company of Windsor and vicinity men, Vermont Militia, 1780 and 1781. This company was in Maj. Benj. Wait's detachment that marched in the alarm to Royalton, October, 1780 also in the alarm of March, 1781 (by order of Gen. Bailey).

Mansfield, Joseph. Born 1737 died June 6, 1821 buried at Morris, Conn.

Marcy, Samuel. Born 1759 died 1838. Drummer Capt. John Macy's Windsor County Vermont Militia, 1780. Private in same 1781.

Mason, Elisha. Born April 5, 1759 died June 1, 1858 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Mason, Joseph. Born April 24, 1755 died March 21, 1844 buried at Northfield, Conn.

Mayse, James. Buried at Fair Forest Cemetery. South Carolina. (Has monument.)

Mccain, Hugh. Born November 17, 1765 died March 6, 1837 buried Tirzah A. R. P. Church in Lancaster, S. C.

McClary, Jesse. Buried near North Thetford, Vt.

Mcclary, John. Buried near North Thetford, Vt.

Mccurdy, John. Born 1746 died January 4,1824. In Capt. Benj. Plummer's company. Detached from Col. William Jones's regiment for service under Col. Samuel McCobb on expedition against Mayosbagaduse.

Mcewen, Henry. Birth date not known died October 14, 1823 buried in Center Hill Cemetery, Center County. Enlisted June, 1775, in Cumberland County, Pa., Capt. W. Hendrick's company. (Gravestone being erected by descendants.)

Mcjunkin, Col. Joseph. (Has monument.) Buried in McJunkin graveyard, near Union, S. C. •

Mcjunkin, Capt. Samuel. (Has monument.) Buried in McJunkin graveyard, near Union, S. C.

Mcneil, Archibald, Jr. Born July 17, 1737 died January 31, 1813 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Mcwhorter, George. (Located by John Foster Chapter, Monroe, N. C.)

Meacham, Asa. Born 1759 died May 5, 1836. Private in Capt. Moses Kellogg's company, Col. Porter's regiment, New Hampshire. September 23, 1777, to October 18, 1777. Company marched under Maj. Gen. Gates.

Means, Gen. Hugh. (Has monument.) Buried at Fair Forest Cemetery, South Carolina.

Merrick, Capt. Erenezer. Born 1722 died March, 1819 buried at West Dummerston, Vt. He was a captain in 1782.

Metcalf, Benjamin. Born 1757 died April, 1848 buried at Guilford, Vt. Service in Massachusetts continental lines. Pensioner.

Miller, Col. Elijah. Born May 7, 1728 died August 21, 1776 buried in Presbyterian Cemetery, White Plains, N. Y. He died at Camp Hurlgate. His home was occupied by Gen. Washington for headquarters in 1776 and 1778.

Miller, Hosea. Born April, 1742 died May, 1795 buried at Dummerston, Vt. Served under Capt. Benj. Whitney.

Miller, John B. Born 1754 died 1835. Trumpeter in Armand's legion. Buried in Canfield, Ohio.

Miller, John, Sr. (Grave located in Old Allentown Cemetery, Pa.)

Miller, Vespatian. Born June, 1740 died July, 1812 buried in Dummerston Center, Vt. Served under Capt. Benjamin Whitney.

Minshall, Rev. William. A prisoner. Buried in Range Township, Bethel Cemetery, Madison County, Ohio. Inscription on monument: "A stranger I am—but here I must lie. My name you can see, but my age is unknown."

Moll, John. (Grave located in Allentown, Pa.)

Moltty, George. (Grave located in North Thetford, Vt.)

Mone, John. (Grave located in North Carolina.)

Moore, Nathan. Buried in Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Morehouse, David. Born August 14, 1740 buried in private cemetery, Roberts's farm, Falls, Pa. Company, Capt. St. John's regiment, Fifth Connecticut.

Morgan, Jesse. Age 60 died June 16, 1810 buried in Elmwood Cemetery, Holyoke, Mass. Served under Capt. Enoch Chapin (Mass.).

Morgan, Capt. Joseph. Died December 18, 1813, aged 77 buried in Elmwood Cemetery, Holyoke, Mass. Captured in capitulation of Fort William Henry, 1757.

Morris, James. Born January 8, 1752 died April 20, 1820 buried at Morris,

Morrow, Maj. Samuel. (Has monument.) Buried at Fair Forest, S. C.

Mosely, James "Highkey." (Has Government marker.) Born 1756 died 1840 buried at Hames's plantation, South Carolina.

Moss, Levi, Jr. Born 1747 died March 6, 1825 buried at Northfield, Conn.

Moss, Titus. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Newhard, Lawrence. (Grave located in Allentown, Pa.)

Newharter, Thomas. (Grave located in Allentown, Pa.)

Newton, Marshall. Born January, 1757 died December, 1833 buried at Newfane, Vt. Served in Massachusetts continental lines.

Nickens, Moses (colored). Settled in Madison County, Ohio, 1810 soldier in Continental Army under Gen. Washington and also in War of 1812 enlisted from Jefferson Township, Madison County, Ohio. Died in Columbus, Ohio.

Norton, Dr. Gould Gift. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Nuckotts, John (Cherokee). Lived near Grindall Shoals, Union County buried in Whig Hill.

Nye, Erenezer. Buried in the Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Ohl, Henry. Born 1762 died 1849 buried at Canfield, Ohio. Private in Northampton County Militia.

Old, Col. Benj. Died May 5, 1827, aged 63 buried in Agawam Center Cemetery, Massachusetts.

Osborne, Eliada. Born 1760 died December 26, 1849 burled at West Litchfield, Conn.

Obborn, Isaac. Born July 22, 1744 died March 25, 1826 buried at West

Osborn, John. Born 1727 died January 7, 1814. Buried at West Litchfield,

Conn. Otterson, Maj. Samuel. (Record furnished by Fair Forest Chapter, Union,

Page, Dr. Benjamin. Buried in Hallowell Cemetery, Hallowell, Me.

Page, Daniel. Born 1756 died December 1, 1834 buried at Milton, Conn.

Palmer, John. Born 1766 in Union County, N. C. Moved to Indiana.

Parish, Ebenezer. Born 1760 died about 1835 buried in Orcutt's Grove Cemetery, near Noxen. Pa. Private in Massachusetts troops. Won title of captain in Battle of White Plains.

Parker, Joseph. Born 1760 died February 6, 1830 buried at Morris, Conn.

Parker, Levi. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Parkhurst, Abraham. Born 1755 died 1815 buried at Granville Cemetery,Pa. From Massachusetts. Parks, Lieut. Jonathan. Born September, 1743 died July, 1827 buried at

Newfane, Vt. Served under Col. John Sargeants.

Patrick, Matthew. Born 1754 died 1789. Sergeant in Lieut. Asahel Smith's company, Vermont Militia, 1780 sergeant in Capt. John Marcy's (Windsor) company, Vermont Militia, 1781.

Patrick, Sergt. Samuel. Born 1750 died 1825. Sergeant in Capt. John Marcy's (Windsor) company, Vermont Militia, 1780-1781.

Pattee, Ezekiel. Born 1731 died 1813 buried at Winslow, Me. Committee of Safety.

Patterson, Deacon Robert. Born 1744 died September 15, 1828. Capt. Peter Clark's company, Moor's regiment.

Patterson,. Robert. Born 1744 died November 10, 1817. Private in Capt. Moses McFarland's company of invalids stationed at Boston, Col. Nichols's regiment.

Pearson, Capt. John. Born August 17, 1740 died January 22, 1829 buried in

Neshanock Churchyard, Mercer County, Pa.

Peck, Philo. Born October 3, 1752 died February 13, 1831 buried at West

Litchfield, Conn. Perry, Abner. Born 1755 died September, 1834 buried at Dover, Vt. Served

as Minuteman in Massachusetts company.

Pettes, Joseph. Born 1754 died 1811 buried in Old South Burying Ground, Windsor Vt . Private in Capt. James Hendricks's company, Massachusetts Militia, 1776.

Phelps, Francis. Born August, 1757 died July, 1842 buried at Halifax, Vt. Served in Massachusetts Continental Line. Pensioned in 1819.

Phelps, John. Born 1756 died June 25, 1833 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Phelps, Winslow. Buried at South Woodstock, Vt. Pilgrim, Thomas. Born 1754 died April 24, 1843 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Polk, Capt. Charles. Buried in North Carolina. Porter, John. Died March 16, 1834 aged 93 buried in Agawam Center, Cemetery, Mass.

Potter, Joel. Born 1761 died July 18, 1827 buried at headquarters.

Potter, Capt. John. Buried in Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Peatt, Levi. Buried at Hulett's Landing, on Lake George. Bronze tablet erected by the Washington Heights Chapter, New York City, N. Y.

Pratt, Stephen. Born 1761 died 1854 buried at Otsego, Mich. He enlisted twice, first at the age of 16, and served for 16 months each time.

Pray, Abraham. Buried in Hallowell Cemetery, Hallowell, Me.

Proctor, Francis, Jr. Born in Ireland died April, 1815, in Lycoming County, Pa. buried at Dunnstown, Pa. He was the son of Francis Proctor, sr., and brother of Gen. Thomas Proctor (who organized first company of artillery in Philadelphia). Served witfi his brother in continental line, November 27, 1775. Lieutenant November 29, 1775 captain July 16, 1776 major December 24, 1782.

Putnam, John. Born 1767 died 1844 buried at Granville Cemetery, Pennsylvania. From Medford, Mass.

Pyron, John. (Grave located by John Foster Chapter, Monroe, N. C.)

Pyron, William. (Grave located by John Foster Chapter, Monroe, N. C.)

Ray, William. Born 1755 died October 6, 1813 buried at Morris, Conn.

Reeve, Tapping. Born 1744 died December 13, 1823 buried at East Litchfield, Conn. He was head of the first law school in the United States.

Reib, Andrew. (Grave located in Allentown, Pa.)

Rice, Lieut. Jonas. Born about 1765 died May 1849 buried at Brattleboro, Vt. Served in Capt. Blakeslee's company.

Richardson, Andrew. Born 1760 died 1825 buried in Winslow, Me. Private in Capt. Farwell's company.

Riddle, Samuel. Born 1759 died 1825 buried in Canfield, Ohio. Private in rangers of Washington County, Pa., and of Westmoreland County, Pa. Private in Capt. George Sharpe's company, Third Battalion, Militia.

Robbins, Willard. Born 1753 died 1823 buried in South Amherst Cemetery, Amherst, Mass. He was a sergeant in Capt. Reuben Dickinson's company, Col. Porter's regiment.

Robinson, Chandler. Born December, 1761 died 1833 buried South Branch, near Forkston, Pa. Served in Capt. Douglas's company in May, 1776, and 1778.

Robinson, William. Born about 1750 died October, 1841 buried at West Dummerston, Vt. Served in New Hampshire continental lines.

Rogers, Nathaniel. Born 1750 died 1833 buried at Marshfield Hills, Mass.

Rogers, Peleg. Died 1820 buried at Marshfield Hills, Mass.

Rogers, Thomas. Buried at Marshfield Hills, Mass., near the Unitarian Church.

Ross, James. Buried in North Carolina.

Rowley, Nathan. Died October 9, 1821 aged 81. Lieut. Col. David Moseley's regiment.

Runnels, Benjamin. Born 1748 died 1802 buried in Winslow, Me. Blacksmith with Army in New York, employed in forging chains thrown across Hudson to keep British ships from going up the river.

Russell (russel) . Born at Lexington, Mass., January 12, 1762 died at Moscow, Me., May 1, 1852 buried in Bingham, Me.

Russel, Joseph. Born at Groton, Mass., 1763 died at Moscow, Me., December 27, 1850 buried in Bingham, Me.

Salisbury, James. Born about 1751 died January, 1842 buried at Guilford, Vt. Served in Capt. David Stowell's company.

Sanford, Jonah. Born August 1, 1735 died January 21, 1817 buried at Morris, Conn.

Sanford, Joseph, Jr. Born 1745 died December 13, 1813 buried at Morris, Conn.

Sargeant, Elihu. Born May, 1758 died December, 1833 buried at Brattleboro, Vt. Served in Col. John Sargeant's regimeht.

Sargeant, Rufus. Born June, 1740 died November, 1836 buried at Dummerston, Vt. Served in Capt. Josiah Boyden's company.

Sargeant, Lieut. Thomas. Born February, 1734 died April, 1783 buried at Brattleboro, Vt. He was a highway commissioner.

Sartor, William. Buried at Scaife Place, near Santuc, S. C.

Savage, Capt. John. Buried in McJunkin graveyard in South Carolina.

Sayles, William. Born February 28, 1744 died February 19, 1832 buried in private burying ground on his old farm at Lenox, Madison County, N. Y. He was in Battle of Lexington with Capt. Asa Fairbanks, from Wrentham, Mass.

Schultz, Christopher. Buried at Clayton Meeting, Clayton, Bucks County, Pa.

Schultz, John. Buried at Newtown, Pa. Secrest, Capt. John. Buried in North Carolina.

Sells, Ludwig. Born February 15, 1743 died October 13, 1823 buried in the Dublin Cemetery, Dublin, Ohio. He was in Capt. Martin Bowman's Company. Served in the Pennsylvania line in 1777.

Seymour, Moses. Born July 23, 1742 died September 17, 1826 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Seymour, Samuel. Born January 1, 1754 died November 14, 1837 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Sharpe, Benjamin. (Grave located bj'Fair Forest Chapter, Union, S. C.)

Sharpe, John. Buried at Lipscomb Gregory farm, South Carolina.

Sharpe, William. Buried at Lipscomb Gregory farm, South Carolina.

Shaw, Abiatha. Born 1762 died December, 1852 buried at Westmoreland, N. H. Served under Col. John Daggart.

Shaw, John. Buried on a farm about 7 miles from Paris, Ky. (Grave marked 1917.)

Shaw, William. Buried at Ebenezer graveyard, South Carolina.

Shelton, Gen. Joseph. Buried at Simstown, near Neal Shoals, S. C.

Shropshire, Abner. Born May 13, 1761 died December 13, 1840 pensioned under act of June, 1832, for service as a private in Virginia Militia. Was buried at Valley Forge, near Leesburg, but was moved to Georgetown (Ky.) Cemetery on September 28, 1917.

Simpson, Benjamin. Born 1754 at Groton, Mass. Private in Capt. Henry Haskell's company. Camped at Cambridge, Mass. Record in Massachusetts soldiers and sailors. Buried in Waterville, Me.

Simpson, William. Buried in North Carolina.

Sims, Capt. Chas. (Has monument.) Buried at Simstown, S. C.

Skein, Adam. Buried at Sartor Graveyard, near Santuc, S. C.

Skinner, John. Buried at Jonesburg, N. H. (Grave marked 1917.)

Smith, Amos. Born April, 1750 died January, 1821 buried at Chesterfield, N. H. Served in Col. Ashley's regiment.

Smith, Lieut. Asahel. Son of Capt. Steel Smith, the founder of Windsor, Vt. Born 1756 died 1846 buried in Sheddsville, Vt. (West Windsor).

Smith, Benjamin. Buried at Coldwater, Mich.

Smith, David. Born December 20, 1747 died October 16, 1814 buried in East Litchfield, Conn.

Smith, Eli. Died March 29, 1824 buried at East Litchfield, Conn,

Smith, Jacor. Born 1738 died April 14, 1807 buried at Northfield, Conn.

Smith, John. Born 1739 died February 15, 1807 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Smith, Manuel. Born 1741 died 1821. He was a member of the Committee of Safety. Buried Winslow, Me.

Smith, Reuren. Born 1737 died August 25, 1804 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Smith, Samuel. Buried in Hallowell Cemetery, Halloweli, Me.

South Worth, Lemuel, Sr. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

South Worth, Lemuel, Jr. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Spaulding, Jacor. Born about 1727 died June, 1808 buried at Brattleboro, Vt. Served under Capt. James Blakeslee.

Spencer, Ephraim. Born 1759 died May 16, 1828 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Sperry, Jor. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

Spooner, Alden. Born 1757 died 1827. Private in Capt. Samuel McClure's (Dresden) company, Vermont Militia in the alarm at Newbury, 1781. Buried in Old South Burying Ground, Windsor, Vt.

Steadman, Nathaniel. Born April, 1746 died October, 1812 buried at Newfame, Vt. Served under Col. John Sargeant.

Steen, Lieut. Col. James. Killed at Kings Mountain.

Stees, John. Born September 13, 1760 died July 8, 1840 buried at Stees Cemetery, near Mifflinburg, Pa. Private in Eighth Company, Third Battalion, Lancaster County Militia, Pennsylvania.

Stephens, Emanuel. Buried near Indian Trail, N. C.

Sterne, Dr. Thomas. Born 1745 died 1816. Surgeon New Hampshire Militia, 1776. Buried in Old South Burying Ground, Windsor, Vt.

Stevens, Erenezr. Buried at Nicholson, on Glenwood road. Member New York Militia. Was a dragoon in Connecticut regiment. Grave located in Pennsylvania.

Stevens, Henry. Born 1764 died April 16, 1854. Buried at Northfield, Conn.

Stevens, Peter. Born March 17, 1741 Canterbury, Conn. died May 26, 1821, Wells, Vt. Served in 1775, Fourth company, Third regiment, Gen. PutnamCapt. Obadiah Johnson.

Stewart, Jehiel. Born October 22, 1750 died March 18, 1813 buried in Westfield Flats Cemetery, Roscoe, N. Y. Private under Capt. Ferguson, of Massachusetts.

Stockwell, Jonas. Born 1755 died November, 1812 buried at Dummerston, Vt. Served under Col. John Sargeant.

Stoddard, Bryant. Born 1740 died February 17, 1824 buried at Morris, Conn.

Stoddard, Daniel. Born April 29,1760 died December 16,1826 buried at Bantam, Conn.

Stoddard, David. Born August 8, 1747 died May 4, 1794 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Stoddard, Jesse. Born September 17, 1762 died January 23, 1846 buried at Bantam, Conn.

Stone, Cam. Born 1747 died 1820. Private in Capt. John Marcy's (Windsor) company, Vermont Militia, 1780. Buried in Old South Burying Ground, Windsor, Vt.

Stone, Sylvanus. Born October 17, 1713 died December 13, 1785 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Stone, Thomas. Born 1755 died September 10, 1843 buried at Bantam, Conn.

Straton, Hezekiah. Born 1746 died 1824. Was a member of committee of safety. Buried in Winslow, Me.

Strong, Simeon. Born 1764 died 1841 buried in West Cemetery, Amherst. Mass.

Stboup, John. Died February 4, 1832 buried on Crawford Farm, Paint Township, Madison County, Ohio.

Swain, Joseph. Born 1754 died February, 1831 buried at Halifax, Vt . Served in Massachusetts continental lines was a pensioner.

Swanzey, Capt. William. Born 1746 died August 8, 1825. Second Battalion, Cumberland County Militia Col. Thomas Gibson, commander. Buried in Lick Run Presbyterian Cemetery, Jacksonville, Pa.

Sweet, Peleo, Sr. Born 1758 died December 9, 1825, in Ashtabula, Ohio buried in Edgewood Cemetery, Ashtabula, Ohio. Enlisted in Connecticut.

Suydam, Cornelius. Born April 6, 1761 died March 17, 1851. Private in Middlesex County, New Jersey Militia. Buried in Dutch Reformed Churchyard, Spotswood, N. J. Tallmadge, Benjamin. Born February 25, 1754 died March 7, 1833 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Tallmadge, Samuel. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.)

TanNer, Lieut. Tryal. Born 1751 died 1833 buried in Canfield, Ohio. Sergeant in Gen. Arnold's campaign. Enlisted in Connecticut continental regiment as lieutenant was promoted to adjutant was in the Battle of Monmouth forced to resign in 1780 to support his family.

Taylor, Daniel. Born 1739 died September, 1807 buried at West Dummerston, Vt. Served under Capt. Eben Merrick.

Taylor, Elisha. Born 1760 died October 30, 1843 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Taylor, Lieut. Hilbert. Born 1744 died 1803 buried in Rural Cemetery, White Plains, N. Y. On his tombstone, "A soldier of the Revolution." Third regiment, Westchester County Militia, Col. Pieri Van Courtland. (Grave marked by chapter.)

Taylor, John (jonathan). Born 1753 died July 6, 1809 buried at Milton, Conn.

Tenney, Daniel. Born June, 1748 died March, 1825 buried at West Dum- merston, Vt. Served with Maj. Richard Waldon.

Tenney, Jonathan, Sr. Born February, 1758 died November, 1826 buried at West Dummerston, Va. Served under Capt. Thomas Richards.

Thayer, Jonathan. Born 1762 died 1846 buried in South Amherst Cemetery, Amherst, Mass.

Thomas, Col. Anthony. Buried in Winslow Cemetery, Mass.

Thomas, Sergt. Habrison. Died 1808 buried on the old farm near Wierwood, Va. He was sergeant in the company of Capt. James Franklin, Tenth Virginia regiment, commanded by Col. Edward Stevens. His name appears on a roll, May 31, 1777, and March, 1778, with remarks which indicate that he was then in hospital from War Department.

Throop, Benjamin. Born Septemper 13, 1752 died October 8, 1833 buried at Footville, Conn.

Tllden, John. Born 1754 died March 14, 1792 buried at Marshtield Hills, Mass.

Tobey, Zoeth. Born 1758 died 1835 buried in the Lawner Cemetery, Charleston, Mich. He enlisted at Dartmouth, Mass., in 1780, served 2 years, was wounded and honorably discharged.

Tolman, Robert. Cincinnati Chapter, Cincinnati, Ohio, erected a monument in the form of a gateway of granite blocks, given to the chapter through the historic sites committee, these blocks having been taken from the old historic courthouse and placed in the Pioneer Cemetery, where a Revolutionary soldier is buried. The date of his birth and death are not visible on the tombstone, but the name Robert Tolman, Revolutionary soldier, 1794, is clear.

Trumbull, Ezekiel. Born 1759 died November 27, 1838 buried at Morris, Conn.

Trundle, Sergt. John. Buried on the farm near Dickerson, Md., known as the Heffner farm. Grave has a tombstone. Tussell, John. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Tuttle, Lucius. (Grave located by Lady Fenwick Chapter, Cheshire, Conn.) Tyler, James. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Tyler, Joshua. (Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.)

Underwood, Thaddeus. Born about 1760 died September, 1840 buried at Marlboro, Vt. Served in Capt. Warren's militia. Uptegrove (Private). Buried in the old graveyard of Ulaytown Reformed Church, Lancaster County, Pa. Van Ness, George. Died March 22, 1832. Served through Revolutionary War and was with Washington at Valley Forge. Moved to Madison County, Ohio, in 1813.

Varnon, John. Born 1744 died February, 1825. Private in First Regiment Pennsylvania Troops. (See Record and Pension Office, War Department.) Buried on farm owned by Mrs. Hickman, near Harrison County line, on road between Millersburg and Cynthiana, Ky.

Viers, Maj. William. Died 1811 buried in an unmarked grave on the farm known as the James Dawson farm, Dawsonville, Md.

Vosburg, Abram. Born died July 12. 1S21 buried in cemetery on Neck,

Vosburg, Pa. Was in Capt. Everett Bogardus's company, Snyder's regl-ment. Private in Van Alstine's regiment of Albany County (N. Y.) Militia.

Vose, Lemuel. Born April 30, 1753 died March 2, 1827 buried near Forkston, Pa. Served in Connecticut regiment.

Wadsworth, Capt. Elijah. Born 1747 died 1817. Assisted in raising Sheldon's regiment of light dragoons. Was one of the first to join the Army, and served through the whole war. Was at West Point when Maj. Andre was taken prisoner, and served as one of his guards. Entered the war as a lieutenant and at the close was a captain. When he was 65 years old was general in war of 1812. Buried at Canfield, Ohio.

Walkup (wahab), Capt. James. Born 1724 died February, 1798 buried at Old Waxhaw, N. C.

Wallace, Richard. Born 1756 died August 30, 1794 buried at East Litchfield, Conn. Grave located by the Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.

Ward, Luther. Born June, 1761 died July, 1848 buried at Dover, Vt. Belonged to Massachusetts Militia. Pensioned 1831.

Warner, Jonathan. Born November 3, 1759, at Amherst, Mass. died January 4, 1845, at Wales, Erie County, N. Y. buried in the village cemetery at South Wales, Erie County, N. Y. Enlisted as a private in Massachusetts Militia, July, 1776. Served four months under Col. Nicholas Sikes, Capt. River Lyman. Second service, enlisted and served as a private under Cols. Hale and Leonard for two months, in Capt. Eli Parker's company, Massachusetts Militia. Applied for a pension December 2, 1833. He married Margaret Elizabeth Zwill, December 2, 1779. She was pensioned as his widow October 27, 1845 died at Wales, N. Y., March 3, 1848, aged 88 years. Warner, Josiah. Born 1745 died 1830 buried in West Cemetery, Amherst, Mass. Served in Lieut. Noah Dickinson's company, Col. Elisha Porter's regiment.

Warner, William. Died August 28, 1795 buried in Pioneer Cemetery, West Bloomfleld, N. Y. Lieutenant in Seventeenth Regiment, New York Militia. Warren, Martin. Died 1852 buried in old cemetery at Warrensburg, Mo. Warriner, Maj. Gad. Died May 10,1842, aged 84 buried in Agawam Cemetery, Massachusetts.

Wasson, John. Born in Lancaster, Pa., in 1747 died September, 1825, aged 78 buried in Center Hill Cemetery, Center County, Pa. Grave marked by suitable tombstone.

Waugh, Samuel. Born 1758 died Oct. 12, 1838 buried at Footville, Conn.

Waugh, Thaddeus. Born January 3, 1759 died November 9, 1810 buried at Footville, Conn.

Way, Asa (Aba). Born 1761 died June 29, 1811 buried at Northfield, Conn.

Weatherree, Joar. Born April, 1759 died April, 1843 buried at Chesterfield, N. H. Served under Col. Job Cushing.

Weathern, Benjamin. Born August 3, 1759 died March 12, 1834 buried at Riverside Cemetery, Farmington, Me. Enlisted 1779, Penobscot Expedition.

Weaver, Jabez. Private in Capt. Benjamin Hitchcock's regiment, under command of Gedeon Brounson. (Information from 114 Adjutant's Office, p. 57, State of Vermont.)

Webster, Benjamin, Jr. Born 1737 died October 29, 1782 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Werster, Reuren. Born May 12, 1757 died August 2, 1833 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Werster, Stephen. Born 1738 died November 28, 1823 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Welch, David. Bern 1724 died March 26, 1815 buried at Milton, Conn. Welch, John. Born September 23, 1759 died December 26, 1844 buried at Milton, Conn.

Weller, Dan. Born 1759 died June 9, 1829 grave of this Revolutionary soldier and his wife was located by Washington Heights Chapter, 11 miles north of Fort Anne, on the east side of the road to Comstock, N. Y., at telegraph :Pole No. 1391.

Wentz, John. Wounded by sabre cuts on the head. A woman found him on tha Rocky River road, North Carolina, am hid him in her chest from Tarleton's scouts. Grave located by the John Fester Chapter, Monroe, N. C.

White, Abijah. Buried at Center Church Cemetery, Massachusetts. On his mother's tombstone (Anna White) are found these words: "Killed in an engagement at sea, 1777."

White, Caleb. Born —: died 1848 served in Revolutionary War from State of Connecticut. Buried at Granville Cemetery, Pennsylvania.

White,, Lieut. James. Born 1743 died 1823 buried at Long Creek Church, near Kings Mountain, N. C.

White, Moses. Born 1753 died 1827 sergeant, Capt. Thomas White's company, Col. Heath's regiment, Massachusetts Militia, 1775. Buried in Old South Burying Ground, Windsor, Vt.

Whitesides, William. Buried in Stafford Cemetery, near Mount Auburn, Christian County, Ill. (Information furnished by Stephen Decatur Chapter, Decatur, Ill.)

Whittlesey, N. Roger. Born 1754 died March 15, 1835 buried at Morris, Conn.

Wilbur, Gideon. Born April 9, 1768 died July 6, 1862. Gideon Wilbur enlisted in the Dutchess County Militia. He was a member of the Sixth Regiment, under Col. Graham. He is buried in the town of Warren, Herkimer County, N. Y. A bronze tablet or marker has been placed on his grave by Ganowauges Chapter, D. A. R., of New York.

Wilcox, David. Grave located by Richard Wallace Chapter, North Thetford, Vt.

William, Hubbard. Born December 2, 1762 died July 10, 1833 buried on Barton Farm on Millersburg and Cynthiana Pike, Kentucky. (Services: Manuscript list of Revolutionary soldiers in Virginia Historical Society Library, "Auditor's Accts. XVIII, page 694. An old letter in possession of descendants, addressed to Hubbard Williams, by James Mullins, dated 1826.)

Willington, Samuel. Born November, 1757 died December, 1836 buried at Brattleboro, Vt. He was a pensioner.

Wilson, Henry. Born 1756 died between 1843 and 1848 buried in a family graveyard near Little Rock, on a farm owned by Mrs. John Brenan. (Services: See list Revolutionary soldiers in Collins' History of Kentucky, Vol. I, pp. 5, 6.)

Winchester, Asa. Born March, 1763 died October, 1831 buried at Marlboro, Vt. He was on the pay roll of Capt. Jonathan Warren.

Winchester, Joseph. Born October, 1765 died March 1825 buried at Marlboro, Vt. On the pay roll of Capt. Jonathan Warren.

Witcher, Chase. Buried at Glencliff, N. H. (Grave marked 1917.)

Witt, Capt. Ebenezer. Buried in Maple Street Cemetery, North Brookfield, Mass.

Wolcott, Oliver. Born December 1, 1726 died December 1, 1797 buried at East Litchfield, Conn. Wolcott, Oliver, Jr. Born January 4, 1760 died June 1, 1833 buried at East Litchfield, Conn.

Wolcott, Capt. Samuel. Died October 27, 1852 aged 87 buried In Agawam Center Cemetery, Mass.

Wolfe, Philip. Buried in Jackson Township, N. C. Entered the Revolutionary War from Cabarras County, N. C.

Woodard, Artimus. Died October 1845 aged 87 buried at Halifax, Vt . Served in Massachusetts continental lines was a pensioner.

Woodruff, Charles. Born 1718 died September 12, 1802 buried at Morris, Conn.

Woodruff, Jacob. Born 1717 died December 21, 1790 buried at Morris, Conn. Woodruff, James. Born August 21, 1749 died April 3, 1813 buried at Morris, Conn.

Woods, George. Born 1746 died August, 1819 aged 73 buried in Center Hill Cemetery, Center County, Pa. Grave marked with suitable stone.

Wooster, Lemuel. Born 1757 died October 1, 1832 buried at West Litchfield, Conn.

Wright, Jonathan. Born 1746 died April 15, 1836 buried at Milton, Conn.

Young, Robert. Buried at old home near Union, S. C.

Young, Maj. Thomas. Buried at Union Cemetery, Union, S. C.

Zwears, Daniel. Born about 1744 died December, 1819 buried at Dummerston, Vt. Served under Capt. Blakeslee.


Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation

Please note: We are now open Wednesday – Saturday, 11am – 4pm, and Sunday, 1pm - 4pm. The Museum and Headquarters tours are by reservation only due to Covid-19. Please see Covid-19 Policies and Protective Measures on our "Tours" tab before making your reservation. Please note that some services are unavailable at this time. Effective April 1, 2021 our admission prices are $7 adults, $5 seniors/students, and free for those ages 12 or under. Call 845-562-1195 for additional information.

Positions Available at Washington's Headquarters (apply by June 1st, 2021):

Visit the nation's first publicly owned historic site and tour the rooms where American history was made. In the critical months that General George Washington spent at Newburgh, he made some of his most important contributions to shaping the American republic. It was here that Washington rejected the idea of an American monarchy ended the Newburgh Conspiracy, preventing potential military control of the government created the Badge of Military Merit, forerunner of the Purple Heart and circulated an influential letter to State Governors outlining the key principals he felt necessary for the new republic.

While visiting Washington's Headquarters explore the Museum, which houses the award-winning exhibit, Unpacked & Rediscovered: Selections from Washington's Headquarters' Collection. The exhibit features over 1,300 objects highlighting Washington's Headquarters diverse collections and is navigated by an electronic catalog system. Also, take a tour of the Tower of Victory and climb the steps to the newly restored belvedere. (Access to the Tower may be limited based on staffing and weather conditions.)

Celebrate Women's History Month with Washington's Headquarters! In honor of Women's History Month, Washington's Headquarters State Historic Site will hold its annual program, The General's Lady, on Sunday, March 21st at 2:00 pm. This year, to keep "Covid Safe," it will be VIRTUAL!

Inspired by Martha Washington, this free on-line event, pays tribute to both the impact of noteworthy historical women, and to contemporary women making a difference in the field of history and preservation in the Hudson Valley.

The General's Lady will begin with a talk, "Martha Washington: A Timeless Woman," to learn more about our first First Lady. This talk will be followed by the ceremony to present the 2021 Martha Washington Woman of History Award. This year's honoree is historical archivist/librarian Sue Gardner. Ms. Gardner is the nineteenth recipient of the award.

The free online event can be accessed by searching YouTube for "Palisades Interstate Park Commission Television" at and after Sunday, March 21st at 2pm. For further details please call the site at 845-562-1195.

George Washington's Birthday Celebration Went Viral! This year, to keep "Covid Safe," our President's Weekend programs were VIRTUAL! These program offerings can still be found by searching on YouTube for "Palisades Interstate Park Commission Television". Enjoy!

Hours of Operation

Museum Hours: Mid-April - Late October

Wednesday - Saturday: 11 am - 4 pm
Sunday: 1 pm - 4 pm

Winter Hours: November - Mid-April

Fridays and Saturdays, 11AM - 3PM.

School and group tours are welcome by appointment year round. For more information on our program offerings, please visit the " Education " tab.

Washington's Headquarters also offers special events and programs all year round. Keep an eye on the NYS Parks Event Calendar, or "like" us on Facebook.

Fees & Rates

Most New York State Parks charge a vehicle use fee to enter the facility. Fees vary by location and season. A list of entry fees and other park use fees is available below. For fees not listed or to verify information, please contact the park directly.

The easy-to-use Empire Pass card is $80- and your key to all-season enjoyment with unlimited day-use entry at most facilities operated by State Parks and the State Dept. of Environmental Conservation including forests, beaches, trails and more. Purchase online or contact your favorite park for more information. Learn more about our Admission Programs including the Empire Pass.

Adult - $7
Senior/Student - $5
12 and under - Free

For more information on special program offerings for both school and adult groups, please see the "Education" tab.
For more information on tour offerings, please see the "Tours" tab.

Washington's Headquarters provides a variety of special program offerings appropriate for children to adults. These programs can be delivered on-site or can come to you as outreach programs. To learn more about what the site has to offer, and how to schedule your group, please click the links below

Acquired and opened by the State of New York in 1850, Washington's Headquarters, State Historic Site, is the first publicly owned and operated historic site in the Nation, a National Landmark, and a contributing property within Newburgh's 445-acre East End Historic District. From April 1782 to August 1783 General George Washington, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, made his headquarters and residence at Jonathan and Tryntje Hasbrouck family's fieldstone farmhouse in Newburgh. It was the longest he stayed at any headquarters throughout the 8 1/2 years of the Revolution. The Hasbrouck house is furnished to reflect Washington's stay and is open for guided tours. Here, the General, his wife Martha, officers, servants, and slaves lived and worked in close quarters, while a steady stream of guests met with the Washington's.

In the critical months that General George Washington spent at Newburgh, he made some of his most important contributions to shaping the American republic.

It was here that Washington:

  • Rejected the suggestion of an American monarchy.
  • Ended the Newburgh Conspiracy, preventing potential military control of the government.
  • Created the Badge of Military Merit, forerunner of the Purple Heart.
  • Circulated an influential letter to State Governors outlining the key principals he felt necessary for the new republic.
  • Announced the Cessation of Hostilities, which ended the fighting of the Revolutionary War.

Admission to Washington's Headquarters includes a guided tour of the historic Hasbrouck House, furnished to reflect its use as General Washington's Headquarters from April of 1782 to August of 1783, as well as self-guided access to the museum building, which includes two floors of exhibits.

Washington's Headquarters also offers group tours, school programs, and adult programs. For information on those offerings and how to schedule a group, visit the "Education" tab, or contact the site.

Tours are available during open hours, or by appointment. Please see the "Hours of Operation" tab for details. Please see the "Fees and Rates" Tab for admission information.

COVID-19 Safety Policies and Protective Measures

Before making a reservation please ask yourself:

  • Within the last 14 days, have you traveled from a state that is currently experiencing significant community spread of COVID-19?
  • Have you, or anyone in your residence, come into close contact with someone who has a suspected or confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis in the past 14 days?
  • Have you or anyone in your residence had or are currently experiencing a fever?
  • Have you or anyone in your residence had or are currently experiencing symptoms of lower respiratory illness, including new or worsening:
    • Shortness of breath or coughing
    • Troubled breathing
    • Chills
    • Muscle pain
    • Headache
    • Sore throat
    • Loss of taste or smell

    If you answered ‘Yes' to any of the above - please do not visit Washington's Headquarters at this time.

    Protective measures

    During your visit, we require you to follow protective measures as outlined by the Centers for Disease Control, the State of New York, the Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, and the NYS Governor's Office. These measures are subject to change and will be updated on our website and other virtual platforms as new information becomes available.

    • Visitors over the age of 2 years old are required to properly wear a face covering (over nose and mouth) at all times while in any interior spaces.
    • For your safety, hand sanitizer stations will be available and should be used upon entering and exiting buildings.
    • All family groups must maintain at least 6 feet of distance from other visitors and staff.

    Making a reservation constitutes acknowledgement and acceptance of the site's COVID-19 Safety Policies and Protective Measures.

    Reservations

    Reservations are made by calling the site at (845) 562-1195 and speaking with a staff member who will assist you.


    Watch the video: The Eleven General Orders of a Sentry


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