St. Isidore of Seville: Patron Saint of …. The Internet?!

St. Isidore of Seville: Patron Saint of …. The Internet?!

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The Catholic tradition of assigning the patronage of saints to certain places, careers, or activities is usually obvious. Joseph of Copertino and his patronage of astronauts and pilots – stories say this saint could levitate . But what about Isidore of Seville, a saint who lived between the 6th and 7th century, can you guess how he gained patronage over the internet?

St. Isidore of Seville is a saint venerated in the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church. This saint served as the Archbishop of Seville for more than 30 years. St. Isidore of Seville was notable for being a scholar and is commonly regarded to be the last of the Latin Fathers.

‘Saint Isidor of Sevilla’ (1655) by Batolomé Esteban Murillo.

A Saintly Family

A biography of the life of St. Isidore of Seville is found in the Acta Sanctorum , which was supposedly written during the 13th century by Lucas Tudensis. However, this piece of work is said to be mostly made up of myths, thus it cannot be entirely trusted. In any case, it states that Saint Isidore was born in Cartagena Spain around the year 560. His family is said to have been orthodox Catholics, probably of Roman descent, and they seemed to have wielded a degree of power and influence. His parents were Severianus and Theodora and his siblings held important posts in the Church.

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His elder brother, St. Leander, was Isidore’s immediate predecessor as Archbishop of Seville, whilst his younger brother, St. Fulgentius, served as the Bishop of Astigi. Isidore also had a sister, St. Florentina, who was an abbess, and said to have had forty convents and up to a thousand religious under her rule.

St. Florentina.

As Isidore’s parents died when he was still a young boy, he was left in the care of his older brother. Isidore received his early education at the cathedral school in Seville, which is said to be the first of its kind in Spain. Here, Isidore was taught the trivium (grammar, logic, and rhetoric) and the quadrivium (arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy) by a group of learned scholars, which included his brother, the Archbishop.

According to one story, Leander was quite harsh when it came to Isidore’s education, and he would employ force and punishment when the young boy did not meet his expectations. Eventually, Isidore was so frustrated by his inability to gain knowledge as quickly as his brother wanted, and by the severe treatment he received for this failure, that he decided to run away.

‘Leander of Seville’ (1655) by Batolomé Esteban Murillo.

One day, Isidore noticed water dripping onto a rock near the place where he sat. He realized that whilst the individual droplets had no effect on the rock, over time, the repeated dripping was able to wear holes into it. To Isidore, this signified that instead of giving up he should continue his studies - his efforts may be like the drops of water, they would eventually result in more advanced learning. Nonetheless, when he finally returned home, Leander had Isidore locked up in a cell to complete his studies because he feared that the boy would run away again.

Saint Isidore’s Etymologiae and Patronage

In spite of all that had happened, Isidore did not hold a grudge against his brother, as evidenced by the fact that the two men later worked side by side as scholars. Furthermore, after Leander’s death, Isidore completed many of the projects that his brother had started.

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In addition to these efforts, Isidore also distinguished himself as a scholar through his own writings. His most important work is the 20 volume Etymologiae, which is an attempt by Isidore to compile a summa of universal knowledge. Incidentally, the word ‘etymology’ is said to have been coined by the saint himself. The significance of this encyclopedia can be seen in the fact that it was used for nearly a millennium after it was produced.

T and O style mappa mundi (map of the known world) from the first printed version of Isidorus' ‘Etymologiae’.

In 1598, St. Isidore was canonized, i.e. formally recognized as a saint, and in 1722, he was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church. Finally, in 1997, Pope John Paul II decided that a patron saint may be useful for Catholics who needed someone to intercede on their behalf when it came to the proper use of the internet. As St. Isidore was the compiler of the important Etymologiae, he was henceforth known as the patron saint of the internet, which, in a way, functions in the same way as the scholarly saint’s encyclopedia.

‘Church Fathers’ (1076) , a miniature from Svyatoslav's Miscellany.

St. Isidore of Seville

Isidore was literally born into a family of saints in sixth century Spain. Two of his brothers, Leander and Fulgentius, and one of his sisters, Florentina, are revered as saints in Spain. It was also a family of leaders and strong minds with Leander and Fulgentius serving as bishops and Florentina as abbess.

This didn't make life easier for Isidore. To the contrary, Leander may have been holy in many ways, but his treatment of his little brother shocked many even at the time. Leander, who was much older than Isidore, took over Isidore's education and his pedagogical theory involved force and punishment. We know from Isidore's later accomplishments that he was intelligent and hard-working so it is hard to understand why Leander thought abuse would work instead of patience.

One day, the young boy couldn't take any more. Frustrated by his inability to learn as fast as his brother wanted and hurt by his brother's treatment, Isidore ran away. But though he could escape his brother's hand and words, he couldn't escape his own feeling of failure and rejection. When he finally let the outside world catch his attention, he noticed water dripping on the rock near where he sat. The drops of water that fell repeatedly carried no force and seemed to have no effect on the solid stone. And yet he saw that over time, the water drops had worn holes in the rock.

Isidore realized that if he kept working at his studies, his seemingly small efforts would eventually pay off in great learning. He also may have hoped that his efforts would also wear down the rock of his brother's heart.

When he returned home, however, his brother in exasperation confined him to a cell (probably in a monastery) to complete his studies, not believing that he wouldn't run away again.

Either there must have been a loving side to this relationship or Isidore was remarkably forgiving even for a saint, because later he would work side by side with his brother and after Leander's death, Isidore would complete many of the projects he began including a missal and breviary.

In a time where it's fashionable to blame the past for our present and future problems, Isidore was able to separate the abusive way he was taught from the joy of learning. He didn't run from learning after he left his brother but embraced education and made it his life's work. Isidore rose above his past to become known as the greatest teacher in Spain.

His love of learning made him promote the establishment of a seminary in every diocese of Spain. He didn't limit his own studies and didn't want others to as well. In a unique move, he made sure that all branches of knowledge including the arts and medicine were taught in the seminaries.

His encyclopedia of knowledge, the Etymologies, was a popular textbook for nine centuries. He also wrote books on grammar, astronomy, geography, history, and biography as well as theology. When the Arabs brought study of Aristotle back to Europe, this was nothing new to Spain because Isidore's open mind had already reintroduced the philosopher to students there.

As bishop of Seville for 37 years, succeeding Leander, he set a model for representative government in Europe. Under his direction, and perhaps remembering the tyrannies of his brother, he rejected autocratic decision- making and organized synods to discuss government of the Spanish Church.

Still trying to wear away rock with water, he helped convert the barbarian Visigoths from Arianism to Christianity.

He lived until almost 80. As he was dying his house was filled with crowds of poor he was giving aid and alms to. One of his last acts was to give all his possessions to the poor.

When he died in 636, this Doctor of the Church had done more than his brother had ever hoped the light of his learning caught fire in Spanish minds and held back the Dark Ages of barbarism from Spain. But even greater than his outstanding mind must have been the genius of his heart that allowed him to see beyond rejection and discouragement to joy and possibility.

2. He comes from a family of saints

Isidore’s family was one truly full of saints. His parents, Severianus and Theodora, were well known for their faith and piety. His siblings are all recognized as saints by the Catholic Church. His brother Saint Leander of Seville became the Archbishop of Seville and was a close friend of Pope Saint Gregory the Great. He has been credited with bringing the Nicene Creed to the west. His feast day is March 13.

Isidore’s brother Saint Flugentine of Ecija became Bishop of Ecija. His feast day is January 14. His sister Florentina of Cartagena became a nun and at ran over forty convents in her lifetime. Her feast day is August 28.

St. Isidore of Seville is NOT the Official Patron of the Internet.

Statute of St. Isidore in front of the National Library of Spain (Héctor Gómez Herrero CC BY-SA 3.0 ES)

When I wrote on soon to be Blessed Carlo Acutis, I got the same reply from many. I titled my article, &ldquoPatron Saint of the Internet? Carlo Acutis to Be Beatified.&rdquo Many objected that Isidore of Seville was actually the patron saint of the Internet. That lead me down a rabbit hole to see if Isidore had ever been so named officially. It seems like he has not been. The results of my research were posted a few days ago on Aleteia (I&rsquom not sure how I missed it).

Claims Isidore Was Declared the Patron of the Internet in 1997

There are many articles mentioning that Isidore was declared the patron saint of the internet, but such declarations would need to come from the Vatican. Some articles claim John Paul II declared this in 1997. [&hellip]

Claims St. Isidore Was Proposed in 1999

In 2001, Christianity Today noted that Isidore was proposed as a patron saint in 1999.[&hellip]

Claims of Patronage Declared in 2001

Others claim St. Isidore was made patron saint of the internet in 2001. But really all that seems to have happened was a consultation of possible patrons of the internet at the Pontifical Council for Social Communications. [&hellip]

Claims of Discussion in 2001

After stating he is the patron saint of the Internet, EpicPew clarified that he was only considered for this patronage by John Paul II: &ldquoPope Saint John Paul II considered Isidore as one of the possible patrons of the internet in 2001.&rdquo [&hellip]

A 2003 Claim Based Off an Online Poll

A quirky part of this saga is the claim that St. Isidore of Seville was declared patron of the Internet in 2003, based off a poll &mdash but where he came in only fifth as patron saint of the internet. [&hellip]

Later Claims That Isidore Is Not Yet Patron of the Internet

In 2007, Father Z posted a prayer to St. Isidore before logging onto the internet. He explains, &ldquoWhile he [St. Isidore] is not the official Patron of the Internet, some think he ought to be. As a result, years ago I was asked to write a prayer to be used using the internet.&rdquo

Note: Please support me and my community via Patreon so I can keep posting articles like this.

Saint Isidore of Seville

Dear Lord, if it pleases You, allow the soul of Your servant Vidicon to lend his strength in our defense, by battling the forces of perversity, turning them against themselves and to the confounding of those who seek to harm us. Amen

Saint Isidore's Feast Day is April 4th.

For St. Isidore's day and other occasions:

Almighty God, You gave to Your servant Isidore special gifts of grace to understand and teach the truth as it is in Christ Jesus: grant that by this teaching we may know You, the one true God and Jesus Christ whom You have sent who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, forever and ever Amen

Books on Religion - Not for the fundamentalist.
Books on Computers
. one of the main causes of the fall of the Roman Empire was that, lacking zero, they had no way to indicate successful termination of their C programs. - Robert Firth .
Vidicon and Isidore's Interesting Links, Spiritual and Otherwise

The On-Line ECUSA Book of Common Prayer.

Saint Vidicon and his story are the intellectual property of Christopher Stasheff. The story of Saint Vidicon is found in The Warlock Unlocked by Christopher Stasheff, © 1982 and Saint Vidicon to the Rescue © 2005.
The works of Christopher Stasheff
Saint Isidore, on the other hand, is a real saint and doctor of the RCC and is therefore the intellectual property of God.

St. Isidore of Seville: Patron Saint of …. The Internet?! - History

Statue of Isidore of Seville (c.560�) at the entrance staircase of the National Library of Spain, in Madrid. Sculpted in Italian white marble by José Alcoverro y Amorós (1835�) in 1892.

In an article entitled The verbal doodles of Saint Isidore Emily Wilson, an Assistant Professor in the Department of Classical Studies at the University of Pennsylvania, considers the life and works of St Isodore of Seville who in 1999 was made patron saint of the Internet.

"Isidore, who served as Archbishop of Seville from 600 until the time of his death, was canonized by the Catholic Church in 1598. He presided over the Council of Toledo in 633, which tried to eradicate Jews and heretics from Spain, not for the first or last time. Isidore’s whole family, especially his brother Leander, had played an important role in the conversion of the Visigothic kings to Roman Catholicism, away from Arianism (a form of Christianity which denied that the Son is co-eternal with the Father). But Isidore also spread the reach of the Roman Catholic Church back into classical antiquity. In his Etymologies, three central books (Six, Seven and Eight) deal with Ecclesiastical Offices, God, angels and saints, and the Church. Isidore manages to tell the story of the Latin language in such a way that it becomes the property of Roman Catholicism. He thus made this ancient language the cornerstone for contemporary European culture. .

[T]he Etymologies was “arguably the most influential book, after the Bible, in the learned world of the Latin West for nearly a thousand years”. Isidore, a prolific and learned writer, lived from about AD 560 to 632 (the exact dates are uncertain), in a Spain which was under the rule of the Visigoths (Leovigild, Reccared, Leiuva, Witteric, Gundemar, Sisebut, Suinthila). It was a time of great upheaval: in the sixth century, four successive kings were murdered the government was often forced to fight off attempts by Byzantine forces to claim control of the country. Now that Spain’s political links with Rome had been more or less decisively severed, Isidore’s Etymologies provided a summation of the complete intellectual heritage of Roman antiquity. As Isidore’s friend, Braulio, wrote, in Isidore “antiquity reclaimed something for itself”. The broken Roman Empire was reconstructed in Isidore’s book."

Technology issues? Pray to St. Isidore of Seville!

Accidentally playing videos that appear in other classrooms, air dropping pictures to unintended recipients, plugging cords in the wrong slots and still unaware of why computers are not working – these are just some of the technological setbacks faced by teachers and students alike. Other common problems include issues with downloading books, Apple TVs not working as they should, slow internet connection, and frozen iPads, which seem to be fixed with a little bit of technological trickery.

However, most technological problems are “so simple that you forget about them,” said Cathedral Catholic High School’s technological specialist Mr. Jack Wager, who solves many of the technological problems that arise on the campus. Nevertheless, technology and its problems remain prominent in this day and age. Besides the help of technological specialists, when having trouble with technology, people can seek the help of a saint whose specialty involves helping people having digital issues.

St. Isidore of Seville is the patron saint of technology. A patron saint is regarded as a special guardian of a certain people, group, trade, item, or almost any association. Born into a family of strong-minded saints, St. Isidore lived during the sixth century in Spain. Although St. Isidore was an intelligent man, his brother used to beat him to make him learn. St. Isidore ran away due to frustration from his brother’s abuse. When he ran away, he noticed water dripping down and wearing away a rock. He realized that he, like that drop, could gradually progress in his studies and learn, while wearing down his brother’s heart. St. Isidore later returned and forgave his brother, and eventually worked side by side with him. He overcame his past abuse, and embraced learning, later giving him the name “Schoolmaster of the Middle Ages.”

Besides being bishop of Seville for 37 years, St. Isidore wrote many books about grammar, astronomy, geography, history, and theology, and created an encyclopedia, which at the time was deemed very technologically advanced. St. Isidore is the patron saint of technology because of his strive and contribution towards progression and dedication for learning.

In the quest for the perfect prayer for St. Isidore of Seville, some elements of the prayer may address common technological problems ranging from slow Internet connection to flooded networks. A person might experience slow Internet and constantly click the refresh button, and with St. Isidore’s intercession, it is possible that the page might load quicker. An iPad could be frozen for an unknown reason, and after someone randomly presses several buttons, the device might starts working, which could be St. Isidore guiding the person’s mind or device. This prayer would probably address or be used for general problems and use involving technology.

However the perfect prayer could also consist of guidance and proper use of the Internet. With knowledge and information at the click of a button or tap of a screen, many temptations are easily accessible. An element of the prayer could be to help us be “focused and disciplined to use the Internet in a good way, and to be knowledgeable about what is a distraction and what is an unhealthy use of the Internet” said Ms. Marie Lopez, a sophomore and junior religion teacher at Cathedral Catholic high school. Overall, we could use “St. Isidore’s intercession for wisdom of use for the Internet.”

Other elements of the prayer might include following St. Isidore’s example. During the time of St. Isidore, putting together an encyclopedia was a major advancement and accomplishment. In the prayer, we could ask to continue to further technology and our knowledge by “preserving, spreading it, and making it better. And to continue to advance, because that is what he seemed to be about,” said Mr. Wager. As we continue to grow and technology advances, we could challenge ourselves to add to this progression and make our own developments that might be beneficial to our community.

This prayer for St. Isidore could incorporate many elements from technology problems, proper use and discipline with technology, and our own advancement. While searching for this perfect prayers, other elements and ideas are encouraged (and could be commented below). Especially in this technological age, St. Isidore is one of the many patron saints that could help with our everyday lives.

Here is one prayer to St. Isidore:

Almighty and eternal God, who created us in Thy image and bade us to seek after all that is good, true and beautiful, especially in the divine person of Thy only-begotten Son, our Lord Jesus Christ,

Grant we beseech Thee that through the intercession of Saint Isidore, bishop and doctor, during our journeys through the internet we will direct our hands and eyes only to that which is pleasing to Thee, and treat with charity and patience all those souls whom we encounter.

Patron Saint of Internet

The term 'Patron' is used in Christian religions, including the Roman Catholic religion, to describe holy and virtuous men and women who are considered to be a defender of a specific group of people or of a country.

  • Saint Isidore of Seville
  • Despite being born over a thousand years before the invention of the computer, Saint Isidore of Seville has been named the Patron Saint of the Internet.
  • Memorial Day / Feast Day: April 4
  • Date of Death of Saint Isidore: April 4, 636
  • Cause of Death: Natural Causes

Prayers to Saint Isidore the Patron Saint of Internet
There is a patron for virtually every cause, country, profession or special interest. Prayers are considered more likely to be answered by asking a patron, such as Saint Isidore the Patron Saint of Internet for intercession on their behalf.

Why is Saint Isidore the Patron Saint of Internet?
Why is Saint Isidore the Patron Saint of Internet? Because this saint best reflected the ideals of Internet Users and website designers. Isidore was the first Christian writer to take on the task of compiling a summary of Catholic theology in the form of his most important work, the Etymologiae. Its title was taken from the method he used in the transcription of his era's knowledge and was similar to a dictionary. This method gave his work a structure similar to that of the database.

How Patron Saint of Internet is represented in Christian Art
It is helpful to be able to recognise Saint Isidore the Patron Saint of Internet in paintings, stained glass windows, illuminated manuscripts, architecture and other forms of Christian art. The artistic representations reflect the life or death of saints, or an aspect of life with which the person is most closely associated. Saint Isidore the Patron Saint of Internet is represented in Christian Art in the clothes of a Bishop holding a pen while surrounded by a swarm of bees.


Childhood and education Edit

Isidore was born in Cartagena, Spain, a former Carthaginian colony, to Severianus and Theodora. Both Severianus and Theodora belonged to notable Hispano-Roman families of high social rank. [5] His parents were members of an influential family who were instrumental in the political-religious manoeuvring that converted the Visigothic kings from Arianism to Catholicism. The Catholic Church celebrates him and all his siblings as known saints:

  • An elder brother, Leander of Seville, immediately preceded Isidore as Archbishop of Seville and, while in office, opposed King Liuvigild.
  • A younger brother, Fulgentius of Cartagena, served as the Bishop of Astigi at the start of the new reign of the Catholic King Reccared.
  • His sister, Florentina of Cartagena, was a nun who allegedly ruled over forty convents and one thousand consecrated religious. This claim seems unlikely, however, given the few functioning monastic institutions in Iberia during her lifetime. [6]

Isidore received his elementary education in the Cathedral school of Seville. In this institution, the first of its kind in Iberia, a body of learned men including Archbishop Leander of Seville taught the trivium and quadrivium, the classic liberal arts. Isidore applied himself to study diligently enough that he quickly mastered classical Latin, [7] and acquired some Greek and Hebrew.

Two centuries of Gothic control of Iberia incrementally suppressed the ancient institutions, classical learning, and manners of the Roman Empire. The associated culture entered a period of long-term decline. The ruling Visigoths nevertheless showed some respect for the outward trappings of Roman culture. Arianism meanwhile took deep root among the Visigoths as the form of Christianity that they received.

Scholars may debate whether Isidore ever personally embraced monastic life or affiliated with any religious order, but he undoubtedly esteemed the monks highly.

Bishop of Seville Edit

After the death of Leander of Seville on 13 March 600 or 601, Isidore succeeded to the See of Seville. On his elevation to the episcopate, he immediately constituted himself as the protector of monks.

Recognizing that the spiritual and material welfare of the people of his See depended on the assimilation of remnant Roman and ruling barbarian cultures, Isidore attempted to weld the peoples and subcultures of the Visigothic kingdom into a united nation. He used all available religious resources toward this end and succeeded. Isidore practically eradicated the heresy of Arianism and completely stifled the new heresy of Acephali at its outset. Archbishop Isidore strengthened religious discipline throughout his See.

Archbishop Isidore also used resources of education to counteract increasingly influential Gothic barbarism throughout his episcopal jurisdiction. His quickening spirit animated the educational movement centered on Seville. Isidore introduced his countrymen to Aristotle long before the Arabs studied Greek philosophy extensively.

In 619, Isidore of Seville pronounced anathema against any ecclesiastic who in any way should molest the monasteries.

Second Synod of Seville (November 619) Edit

Isidore presided over the Second Council of Seville, begun on 13 November 619 in the reign of King Sisebut, a provincial council attended by eight other bishops, all from the ecclesiastical province of Baetica in southern Spain. The Acts of the Council fully set forth the nature of Christ, countering the conceptions of Gregory, a Syrian representing the heretical Acephali.

Third Synod of Seville (624) Edit

Based on a few surviving canons found in the Pseudo-Isidorian Decretals, Isidore is known to have presided over an additional provincial council around 624.

The council dealt with a conflict over the See of Écija and wrongfully stripped bishop Martianus of his see, a situation that was rectified by the Fourth Council of Toledo. It also addressed a concern over Jews who had been forced to convert to Christianity,.

The records of the council, unlike the First and Second Councils of Seville, were not preserved in the Hispana, a collection of canons and decretals likely edited by Isidore himself. [8]

Fourth National Council of Toledo Edit

All bishops of Hispania attended the Fourth National Council of Toledo, begun on 5 December 633. The aged Archbishop Isidore presided over its deliberations and originated most enactments of the council.

Through Isidore's influence, this Council of Toledo promulgated a decree commanding all bishops to establish seminaries in their cathedral cities along the lines of the cathedral school at Seville, which had educated Isidore decades earlier. The decree prescribed the study of Greek, Hebrew, and the liberal arts and encouraged interest in law and medicine. [9] The authority of the council made this education policy obligatory upon all bishops of the Kingdom of the Visigoths. The council granted remarkable position and deference to the king of the Visigoths. The independent Church bound itself in allegiance to the acknowledged king it said nothing of allegiance to the Bishop of Rome.

Death Edit

Isidore of Seville died on 4 April 636 after serving more than 32 years as archbishop of Seville.

Isidore's Latin style in the Etymologiae and elsewhere, though simple and lucid, reveals increasing local Visigothic traditions.

Etymologiae Edit

Isidore was the first Christian writer to try to compile a summa of universal knowledge, in his most important work, the Etymologiae (taking its title from the method he uncritically used in the transcription of his era's knowledge). It is also known by classicists as the Origines (the standard abbreviation being Orig.). This encyclopedia—the first such Christian epitome—formed a huge compilation of 448 chapters in 20 volumes. [10]

In it, Isidore entered his own terse digest of Roman handbooks, miscellanies and compendia, he continued the trend towards abridgements and summaries that had characterised Roman learning in Late Antiquity. In the process, many fragments of classical learning are preserved that otherwise would have been hopelessly lost "in fact, in the majority of his works, including the Origines, he contributes little more than the mortar which connects excerpts from other authors, as if he was aware of his deficiencies and had more confidence in the stilus maiorum than his own," his translator Katherine Nell MacFarlane remarks. [11]

Some of these fragments were lost in the first place because Isidore's work was so highly regarded—Braulio called it quaecunque fere sciri debentur, "practically everything that it is necessary to know" [12] —that it superseded the use of many individual works of the classics themselves, which were not recopied and have therefore been lost: "all secular knowledge that was of use to the Christian scholar had been winnowed out and contained in one handy volume the scholar need search no further". [13]

The fame of this work imparted a new impetus to encyclopedic writing, which bore abundant fruit in the subsequent centuries of the Middle Ages. It was the most popular compendium in medieval libraries. It was printed in at least ten editions between 1470 and 1530, showing Isidore's continued popularity in the Renaissance. Until the 12th century brought translations from Arabic sources, Isidore transmitted what western Europeans remembered of the works of Aristotle and other Greeks, although he understood only a limited amount of Greek. [14] The Etymologiae was much copied, particularly into medieval bestiaries. [15] [16] [17]

On the Catholic faith against the Jews Edit

Isidore's De fide catholica contra Iudaeos furthers Augustine of Hippo's ideas on the Jewish presence in Christian society. Like Augustine, Isidore accepted the necessity of the Jewish presence because of their expected role in the anticipated Second Coming of Christ. In De fide catholica contra Iudaeos, Isidore exceeds the anti-rabbinic polemics of earlier theologians by criticizing Jewish practice as deliberately disingenuous. [18]

He contributed two decisions to the Fourth Council of Toledo: Canon 60 calling for the forced removal of children from parents practising Crypto-Judaism and their education by Christians, and Canon 65 forbidding Jews and Christians of Jewish origin from holding public office. [19]

Other works Edit

Isidore's authored more than a dozen major works on various topics including mathematics, holy scripture, and monastic life, [20] all in Latin:

  • Historia de regibus Gothorum, Vandalorum et Suevorum, a history of the Gothic, Vandal and Suebi kings. The longer edition, issued in 624, includes the Laus Spaniae and the Laus Gothorum.
  • Chronica Majora, a universal history
  • De differentiis verborum, a brief theological treatise on the doctrine of the Trinity, the nature of Christ, of Paradise, angels, and men
  • De natura rerum (On the Nature of Things), a book of astronomy and natural history dedicated to the Visigothic king Sisebut
  • Questions on the Old Testament
  • a mystical treatise on the allegorical meanings of numbers
  • a number of brief letters
  • Sententiae libri tres Codex Sang. 228 9th century [21]
  • De viris illustribus
  • De ecclesiasticis officiis
  • De summo bono

Isidore was one of the last of the ancient Christian philosophers and was contemporary with Maximus the Confessor. He has been called the most learned man of his age by some scholars, [22] [23] and he exercised a far-reaching and immeasurable influence on the educational life of the Middle Ages. His contemporary and friend, Braulio of Zaragoza, regarded him as a man raised up by God to save the Iberian peoples from the tidal wave of barbarism that threatened to inundate the ancient civilization of Hispania. [24]

The Eighth Council of Toledo (653) recorded its admiration of his character in these glowing terms: "The extraordinary doctor, the latest ornament of the Catholic Church, the most learned man of the latter ages, always to be named with reverence, Isidore". This tribute was endorsed by the Fifteenth Council of Toledo, held in 688, and later in 1598 by Pope Clement VIII. [ citation needed ] Isidore was declared a Doctor of the Church in 1722 by Pope Innocent XIII.

Isidore was interred in Seville. His tomb represented an important place of veneration for the Mozarabs during the centuries after the Arab conquest of Visigothic Hispania. In the middle of the 11th century, with the division of Al Andalus into taifas and the strengthening of the Christian holdings in the Iberian peninsula, Ferdinand I of León and Castile found himself in a position to extract tribute from the fractured Arab states. In addition to money, Abbad II al-Mu'tadid, the Abbadid ruler of Seville (1042–1069), agreed to turn over St. Isidore's remains to Ferdinand I. [25] A Catholic poet described al-Mutatid placing a brocaded cover over Isidore's sarcophagus, and remarked, "Now you are leaving here, revered Isidore. You know well how much your fame was mine!" Ferdinand had Isidore's remains reinterred in the then-recently constructed Basilica of San Isidoro in León. [ citation needed ] Today, many of his bones are buried in the cathedral of Murcia, Spain.

In Dante's Paradiso (X.130), Isidore is mentioned among theologians and Doctors of the Church alongside the Scot Richard of St. Victor and the Englishman Bede the Venerable.

The University of Dayton has named their implementation of the Sakai Project in honour of Saint Isidore. [26]

His likeness, along with that of Leander of Sevile and Ferdinand III of Castile, is depicted on the crest badge of Sevilla FC.

The Order of St. Isidore of Seville is a chivalric order formed on 1 January 2000. An international organisation, the order aims to honour Saint Isidore as patron saint of the Internet, alongside promoting Christian chivalry online. [27] [28]

St. Isidore of Seville

St. Isidore of Seville is the subject of an April 4 feast day. He was born in Cartagena. Spain in 560 and died in Seville in 636. He was Archbishop of Seville for more than 30 years and known as the ancient world’s last scholar.

Isidore came from a family of saints. Leander and Fulgentius, two of his brothers, and a sister, Florentina, were canonized. He succeeded Leander, in fact, as Bishop of Seville where he converted the Visigoths, organized synods to manage the Spanish Church, and established seminaries in every Spanish diocese.

Isidore’s comprehensive encyclopedia called Etymologies was a standard textbook for Spanish schools for 900 years. He also wrote extensively on geography, astronomy, grammar, biography, and other intellectual matters. He has been proposed as a patron saint of the internet. His love of learning and great acts allowed for him to be canonized by Pope Clement VIII in 1598. Pope Innocent declared him a Doctor of the Church in 1722.



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