History of science and technology

History of science and technology

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History of the World

History of science and technology: great inventions, technological revolutions.

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Between the 1840s and 1880s, the use of photography like newspaper illustration is indirect and slow due to poor print quality. Technical developments and the halftone will allow the transition from drawing to the integration of photography in the printing process. This press illustration is appreciated for its many qualities : its aesthetics, its informative and explanatory role. The pictures that create a close relationship with the reader, serve as witnesses of reality. At the beginning of the 20th century,the first photographic agencies are born, proof of the success of photography and the growing need for images. It is in a context of the golden age of the press, of a greater circulation of newspapers and of technical progress that photography will become a coveted illustration.

It all starts with the disappearance of an individual, either naturally or by fatality or extreme case an unnatural death. In the latter case, it is necessary to find out the author of this crime, to award him the "right sentence" during a trial and it is therefore necessary to know the bodily injuries suffered by the deceased. The " forensic medecine "Is the indispensable tool for judicial investigation and the discovery of the truth.

Charles Darwin is certainly not the inventor of the theory of evolution but his work on'origin of species and his theory of natural selection has given evolutionism a new dimension. He becomes the avatar of this scientific theory which considers that species evolve over time and gradually generate new species or disappear. The most emblematic case is obviously the common ancestor between Man and apes. Between scientific progress, spiritual questioning and ideological recovery, discover the genesis of the most overwhelming theory of the 19th century.

Medieval Spain, whether Al Andalus or that of the Christian kingdoms, is considered to be the privileged place (along with Sicily) for the transmission of Greek knowledge to the Latin West. The controversy surrounding the work by S. Gouguenheim, Aristotle at Mont Saint-Michel (2008), however, showed that this question still provoked heated debate. Between those who deny or minimize the Arab contribution to this transfer of knowledge, and those who have a romantic vision of Al Andalus, where cultural exchanges took place in harmony, there may be a happy medium. Indeed, Greek science and philosophy went well in the West through the Arabs, but the latter have been translated. By who ?

In modern times, fishing is a fundamental issue for coastal populations. In the context of this article, it is a question of questioning the practice of fishing at that time. How did we fish? What were the fishery resources that were withdrawn from the sea? More than wanting to establish a synthetic panorama of fishing activity in the modern era, it is also a question of looking at the techniques used.

From the invention of the wheel in 3500 BC to the advent of the automobile at the end of the 19th century, six inventions revolutionized land transport and made an extraordinary contribution to agricultural, industrial and tourist development. of our societies. Above all, these inventions led to profound social changes, in particular in the relationship of individuals to space.

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