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1939: Franco and the Spanish nationalists march through Madrid to celebrate the end of the civil war. The dictatorship settles in Spain for four decades.
1930: Ancient Byzantium, called Constantinople since 324 in honor of Emperor Constantine, officially takes the name ofIstanbul. The city of Angora, capital of Turkey since 1923, becomes Ankara.
1803: The consul Napoleon Bonaparte creates the germinal franc by the law of 7 Germinal year XI. The new one franc coin contains 4.5 grams of pure silver and 9 / 10th of fine gold. A 20-franc gold coin was also created. She is baptized Napoleon. The Franc germinaIt will remain in force until 1914.