1919: France: barely a month after passing the law on collective agreements, the deputies establish the day of eight hours.
1848: First elections to Universal suffrage. France is the first state to adopt universal male suffrage.
1671: The tragic death of Vatel, butler of the Grand Condé, passed down to posterity through two letters from the Marquise de Sévigné sent to her daughter.
1014: Battle of Clontarf: near Dublin in Ireland, the Vikings are crushed by the army of Celtic King Brian Boru.